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Open AccessArticle

Tritrichomonas Foetus: A Study of Prevalence in Animal Hosts in Poland

1
Department of Parasitology and Invasive Diseases, National Veterinary Research Institute, Partyzantów Avenue 57, 24-100 Puławy, Poland
2
Department of Large Animal Diseases and Clinic, Warsaw University Of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska Street 100, 02-797 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Pathogens 2020, 9(3), 203; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9030203
Received: 9 February 2020 / Revised: 5 March 2020 / Accepted: 5 March 2020 / Published: 10 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Animal Parasitic Diseases)
Tritrichomonas foetus is described as a pathogen of cattle and cats and also exhibits commensalism with pigs. In order to estimate the prevalence and determine the risk factors for parasite infection, specimens from animal hosts (cat, pigs, and cattle) from Poland were investigated. To our best knowledge, this is the first such study to examine samples from wild boars (Sus scrofa) for the presence of T. foetus. Data were collected from 117 cats, 172 pigs, 236 wild boars, and 180 cattle. The sensitivity of T. foetus identification was increased by using two molecular assays: PCR and loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP). The prevalence of feline tritrichomonosis was 20.51%, and statistically significant differences were obtained between groups of animals regarding age, breed, number of cats, diarrhea, and place of living. Positive PCR and LAMP results for T. foetus were estimated for 16.28% of pigs, and the obtained data were significantly correlated with age. Conversely, no significant differences were observed concerning the farm size factor. In our survey, no cases of bovine tritrichomonosis were found, which is consistent with the data from the other countries of the European Union. Similarly, all wild boar samples were also T. foetus-negative according to LAMP and PCR. View Full-Text
Keywords: Tritrichomonas foetus; cat; cattle pig; wild boar; prevalence Tritrichomonas foetus; cat; cattle pig; wild boar; prevalence
MDPI and ACS Style

Dąbrowska, J.; Karamon, J.; Kochanowski, M.; Sroka, J.; Skrzypek, K.; Zdybel, J.; Różycki, M.; Jabłoński, A.; Cencek, T. Tritrichomonas Foetus: A Study of Prevalence in Animal Hosts in Poland. Pathogens 2020, 9, 203.

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