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Can Previous Associations of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in the TLR2, NOD1, CXCR5, and IL10 Genes in the Susceptibility to and Severity of Chlamydia trachomatis Infections Be Confirmed?
 
 
Article

Frequency of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae in Patients with Imminent Preterm Delivery on the Island of Curaçao

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Curaçao Medical Center, Willemstad, Curacao
2
Institute for Public Health Genomics (IPHG), Department of Genetics and Cell Biology, Research School GROW for Oncology and Reproduction, Faculty of Health, Medicine & Life Sciences, University of Maastricht, 6229 ER Maastricht, The Netherlands
3
Department of Molecular and Cellular Engineering, Jacob Institute of Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Allahabad 211007, UP, India
4
Dutch Chlamydia trachomatis Reference Laboratory on behalf of the Epidemiology and Surveillance Unit, Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, 3721 MA De Bilt, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Lee Ann Campbell
Pathogens 2022, 11(6), 670; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens11060670
Received: 20 May 2022 / Revised: 2 June 2022 / Accepted: 7 June 2022 / Published: 9 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Chlamydia trachomatis Infections)
Sexually transmitted infections are one of the important risk factors for preterm delivery, which is among the important contributors to perinatal morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections in women with imminent preterm delivery in Curaçao, an island of the Dutch Caribbean. All women from Curaçao with either preterm premature rupture of the membranes or preterm labor, common indications of imminent preterm delivery, and presenting at the Curaçao Medical Center between 15 November 2019 and 31 December 2020, were included in this single cohort study. Data were retrospectively collected from medical records. The presence of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae was assessed by Cepheid GeneXpert ® (Xpert) CT/NG assay (Sunnyvale, CA, USA). In the included cohort, the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection was 15.5% and of Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection was 2.1%. All patients infected with Neisseria gonorrhoeae were co-infected with Chlamydia trachomatis. The prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections in patients with imminent preterm delivery in Curaçao is high. It is recommended to test all patients with imminent preterm delivery for these sexually transmitted infections and possibly consider testing all women in early pregnancy on the island. View Full-Text
Keywords: Chlamydia trachomatis; Neisseria gonorrhoeae; sexual and reproductive health; pregnancy; imminent preterm delivery; Curaçao; Caribbean Chlamydia trachomatis; Neisseria gonorrhoeae; sexual and reproductive health; pregnancy; imminent preterm delivery; Curaçao; Caribbean
MDPI and ACS Style

Hage, A.; Juliana, N.C.A.; Steenhof, L.; Voigt, R.R.; Morré, S.A.; Ambrosino, E.; Hammoud, N.M. Frequency of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae in Patients with Imminent Preterm Delivery on the Island of Curaçao. Pathogens 2022, 11, 670. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens11060670

AMA Style

Hage A, Juliana NCA, Steenhof L, Voigt RR, Morré SA, Ambrosino E, Hammoud NM. Frequency of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae in Patients with Imminent Preterm Delivery on the Island of Curaçao. Pathogens. 2022; 11(6):670. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens11060670

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hage, Aglaia, Naomi C. A. Juliana, Leonie Steenhof, Ralph R. Voigt, Servaas A. Morré, Elena Ambrosino, and Nurah M. Hammoud. 2022. "Frequency of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae in Patients with Imminent Preterm Delivery on the Island of Curaçao" Pathogens 11, no. 6: 670. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens11060670

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