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Evaluation of the Performance of Unreinforced Stone Masonry Greek “Basilica” Churches When Subjected to Seismic Forces and Foundation Settlement

Lab. Strength of Materials and Structures, Aristotle University, 541 24 Thessaloniki, Greece
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Buildings 2019, 9(5), 106; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings9050106
Received: 3 April 2019 / Revised: 18 April 2019 / Accepted: 23 April 2019 / Published: 30 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Masonry Buildings: Research and Practice)
Unreinforced stone masonry made of low strength mortar has been used for centuries in forming old type stone masonry churches of the “Basilica” typology. The seismic performance of such stone masonry structures damaged during recent strong seismic activity in Greece, combined with long term effects from foundation settlement, is presented and discussed. A simplified numerical process is presented for evaluating the performance of such damaged stone masonry structures, making use of linear and non-linear numerical tools and assumed limit-state failure criteria. In order to obtain a quantification of the in-plane sliding shear failure criterion, a number of stone masonry wallets were built with weak mortar and were tested in the laboratory. Through the comparison of the obtained numerical predictions with the observed structural behaviour for selected cases of stone masonry “Basilica” churches, the validity of the applied simplified numerical process is demonstrated. It is shown that reasonable approximation of the observed performance of such structures can be obtained when the assumed failure criteria are realistic. View Full-Text
Keywords: stone masonry; weak mortar; foundation settlement; seismic actions; observed performance; linear and non-linear numerical tools; stone masonry wallets; shear-sliding tests stone masonry; weak mortar; foundation settlement; seismic actions; observed performance; linear and non-linear numerical tools; stone masonry wallets; shear-sliding tests
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Manos, G.C.; Kotoulas, L.; Kozikopoulos, E. Evaluation of the Performance of Unreinforced Stone Masonry Greek “Basilica” Churches When Subjected to Seismic Forces and Foundation Settlement. Buildings 2019, 9, 106.

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