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Effect of Grain Size and Density of Abrasive on Surface Roughness, Material Removal Rate and Acoustic Emission Signal in Rough Honing Processes

Escola Tècnica Superior d’Enginyeria Industrial de Barcelona (ETSEIB), Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Avinguda Diagonal, 647, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
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Metals 2019, 9(8), 860; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9080860
Received: 16 July 2019 / Revised: 31 July 2019 / Accepted: 4 August 2019 / Published: 7 August 2019
Honing processes provide a special cross-hatch pattern to the internal surface of cylinders that favors oil flow. However, along honing operation the abrasive grains wear out and lose their ability to cut material. The honing chips mixed with oil fill the pores of the abrasives and they start cutting in an incorrect way, leading to clogging. In the present paper, honing experiments were carried out according to a 32 factorial design, with different grain size and density of abrasive grains. Roughness, material removal rate, and tool wear were determined. Acoustic emissions were also measured and the chirplet concept was applied in order to detect differences between correct and incorrect cutting operations. As a general trend roughness and material removal rate increase with grain size and with density of abrasive. However, when clogging occurs roughness and material removal rate decrease, because the abrasive grains tend to deform the material instead of cutting it. When the honing process is working appropriately, the chirplet diagram of the harmonic part of the signal shows constant marks. On the contrary, when it does not work properly, marks disappear with time and their frequencies decrease. The results of the present paper will allow monitoring the honing process in order to change the abrasives when they are not working properly. View Full-Text
Keywords: honing; roughness; material removal rate; tool wear; acoustic emission; chirplet; clogging honing; roughness; material removal rate; tool wear; acoustic emission; chirplet; clogging
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Buj-Corral, I.; Álvarez-Flórez, J.; Domínguez-Fernández, A. Effect of Grain Size and Density of Abrasive on Surface Roughness, Material Removal Rate and Acoustic Emission Signal in Rough Honing Processes. Metals 2019, 9, 860.

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