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Flow Characteristics for Two-Strand Tundish in Continuous Slab Casting Using PIV

School of Energy and Environment, Inner Mongolia University of Science and Technology, Baotou 014010, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2019, 9(2), 239;
Received: 4 January 2019 / Revised: 13 February 2019 / Accepted: 14 February 2019 / Published: 17 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Continuous Casting)
PDF [12352 KB, uploaded 20 February 2019]


With the development of continuous casting technology, there has been an increase in the stringent requirements for the cleanliness and quality of steel being produced. The flow state of molten steel in tundish is the key to: Optimizing the residence time of molten steel in the tundish; homogenizing the temperature of molten steel; and removing inclusions by floatation. Hence, from theoretical and practical aspects, it is imperative to examine and analyze the flow field of molten steel in the tundish in order to ensure the desired molten steel flow. In this study, a two-strand tundish with 650 mm × 180 mm slab casting is considered as the subject for this research. According to the similarity theory, combined with the geometrical shape and dimension of the prototype tundish, a tundish model with a geometric similarity ratio of 2:3 is established in the laboratory. Digital particle image velocimetry (PIV) is employed to measure and examine the flow fields at different casting speeds for a tundish containing different flow control devices. The flow in the tundish is typically turbulent and also consists of a vortex motion; it exhibits both random and ordered characteristics. Results reveal that the presence of baffles with 15° holes can cause an upward-directed flow in the outlet section and give rise to a large circulation. When the casting speed is doubled, the overall velocity of the flow field and turbulent intensity increase, leading to an increase in the molten steel surface velocity. View Full-Text
Keywords: steel tundish; baffle; flow field; velocity; PIV steel tundish; baffle; flow field; velocity; PIV

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Huang, J.; Yuan, Z.; Shi, S.; Wang, B.; Liu, C. Flow Characteristics for Two-Strand Tundish in Continuous Slab Casting Using PIV. Metals 2019, 9, 239.

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