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Open AccessArticle

Examination of Formability Properties of 6063 Alloy Extruded Profiles for the Automotive Industry

1
ELKEME Hellenic Research Centre for Metals S.A., 61st km Athens—Lamia National Road, 32011 Oinofyta, Greece
2
ETEM Extrusion Company, bul. “Iliyantsi” 119, 1220 Sofia, Bulgaria
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2019, 9(10), 1080; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9101080
Received: 19 August 2019 / Revised: 25 September 2019 / Accepted: 30 September 2019 / Published: 7 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Failure Mechanisms in Alloys)
Bendability is a crucial property of automotive parts, which describes the ability of extruded profiles to be formed to shape, without the appearance of discontinuities that will have an adverse effect on the mechanical properties and their energy absorption capacity (crashworthiness). Anisotropic behavior exhibited by Al alloy extrusions has been documented due to the nature of the hot working process. In the present article an attempt is made in order to determine the main factors influencing bending properties in longitudinal and transverse to extrusion direction, which are also related with anisotropic behavior. Mechanical testing, microscopic examination and finite element analysis were applied in the frame of the current investigation. The findings were indicative that grain morphology and orientation (texture), especially on the surface zone of the extruded profiles, as well as morphology and distribution of the constituent particles are strongly related with formability.
Keywords: automotive; 6063 Alloy; EBSD; bendability; fractography; modeling; texture automotive; 6063 Alloy; EBSD; bendability; fractography; modeling; texture
MDPI and ACS Style

Vazdirvanidis, A.; Pressas, I.; Papadopoulou, S.; Toulfatzis, A.; Rikos, A.; Katsivarda, M.; Symeonidis, G.; Pantazopoulos, G. Examination of Formability Properties of 6063 Alloy Extruded Profiles for the Automotive Industry. Metals 2019, 9, 1080.

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