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Open AccessArticle

Research of Tribological Properties of 34CrNiMo6 Steel in the Production of a Newly Designed Self-Equalizing Thrust Bearing

by Marek Urban 1 and Katarina Monkova 2,3,*
1
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, West Bohemia University in Pilsen, Univerzitni 22, 301 00 Pilsen, Czech Republic
2
Faculty of Manufacturing Technologies with the Seat in Presov, Technical University of Kosice, Sturova 31, 080 01 Presov, Slovakia
3
Faculty of Technology, UTB Tomas Bata University in Zlin, Vavreckova 275, 760 01 Zlin, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2020, 10(1), 84; https://doi.org/10.3390/met10010084
Received: 30 November 2019 / Revised: 23 December 2019 / Accepted: 28 December 2019 / Published: 3 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Failure Mechanisms in Alloys)
There are many cases when in large power equipment (such as a turbine or compressor) asymmetrically loading on bearings due to thermal deformations, production inaccuracies, or simple deflection of the shaft occurs. This asymmetrically loading means misalignment of rotor against stator in angle more than several tenths of a degree and it has an influence on a journal and thrust bearings. Over the last few years, thanks to increasingly precise manufacturing, solutions that can eliminate this phenomenon have been revealed. In the case of the thrust bearing, it is a system of very precise manufactured levers, which are in close contact each to other, so they have to be not only properly designed from the geometrical point of view but the important role plays a quality of the functional surfaces of these levers. The article deals with the surface treatment effect on tribological properties of 34CrNiMo6 steel used for the production of bearing levers, which are the critical parts of a newly developing self-equalizing thrust bearing. The samples with cylindrical and plate shapes were produced from 34CrNiMo6 steel as representatives of the most suitable geometries for contact surfaces. All samples were heat-treated. The surfaces of some samples were treated by electroless nickel plating or nitriding, some of the samples were treated by tumbling. Gradually, the surface roughness, microhardness, metallographic analysis and the influence of selected types of surface treatments on the wear for individual samples were evaluated within the research presented in the article. As the testing methods for evaluation of tribological properties were selected Pin-on-disc test and frequency tribological test. The results showed that the best tribological properties achieved samples treated by electroless nickel plating compared with the nitrided or only heat-treated samples. View Full-Text
Keywords: tribological properties; wear; surface treatment; self-equalizing bearing tribological properties; wear; surface treatment; self-equalizing bearing
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Urban, M.; Monkova, K. Research of Tribological Properties of 34CrNiMo6 Steel in the Production of a Newly Designed Self-Equalizing Thrust Bearing. Metals 2020, 10, 84.

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