Next Article in Journal
The Relationship of Age and BMI with Physical Fitness in Futsal Players
Previous Article in Journal
The Dose Response for Sprint Interval Training Interventions May Affect the Time Course of Aerobic Training Adaptations
Article Menu
Issue 4 (April) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Performance and Participation in the ‘Vasaloppet’ Cross-Country Skiing Race during a Century

1
Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, Zurich 8006, Switzerland
2
Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Nikaia 18450, Greece
3
Activité Physique: Sport et Santé, UR18JS01, Observatoire National du Sport, Tunis 2020, Tunisie
4
Institut Supérieur du Sport et de l’éducation physique de Sfax, Université de Sfax, Sfax 3000, Tunisie
5
Medbase St. Gallen Am Vadianplatz, St. Gallen 9001, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sports 2019, 7(4), 86; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports7040086
Received: 24 February 2019 / Revised: 2 April 2019 / Accepted: 10 April 2019 / Published: 12 April 2019
  |  
PDF [6408 KB, uploaded 12 April 2019]
  |     |  

Abstract

This study investigated gender differences in performance and participation and the role of nationality during one century in one of the largest cross-country (XC) skiing events in the world, the ‘Vasaloppet‘ in Sweden. The total number of female and male athletes who finished (n = 562,413) this race between 1922 and 2017 was considered. Most of the finishers were Swedish (81.03% of women and 88.39% of men), followed by Norwegians and Finnish. The overall men-to-women ratio was 17.5. A gender × nationality association was observed for participation (χ2 = 1,823.44, p < 0.001, φ = 0.057), with the men-to-women ratio ranging from 6.7 (USA) to 19.1 (Sweden). For both genders, the participation (%) of Swedish decreased, and that of all other nationalities (except Swiss) increased across years. Regarding the mean race time, men were faster than women by 14.5% (7 h 52 min 17 s versus 9 h 00 min 55 s, respectively). A trivial gender×nationality interaction regarding the race time was observed (p < 0.001, η2 < 0.001), with gender differences ranging from 4.4% (USA) to 22.0% (Iceland). The race time increased across calendar years for both women (r = 0.45, p = 0.006, moderate magnitude) and men (r = 0.25, p = 0.015, small magnitude). On the basis of these findings, we concluded that a relatively small number of women pariticipates in XC skiing. Therefore, the development of public health policies targeting the participation of women in XC skiing should be a concern in the countries with a tradition of this sport. View Full-Text
Keywords: aerobic capacity; cross-country skiing; nationality; participation; performance; sex difference; ultra-endurance aerobic capacity; cross-country skiing; nationality; participation; performance; sex difference; ultra-endurance
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Romancuk, N.; Nikolaidis, P.T.; Villiger, E.; Chtourou, H.; Rosemann, T.; Knechtle, B. Performance and Participation in the ‘Vasaloppet’ Cross-Country Skiing Race during a Century. Sports 2019, 7, 86.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sports EISSN 2075-4663 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top