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Article

Neck Cooling Improves Table Tennis Performance amongst Young National Level Players

1
School of Health, Sport and Bioscience, University of East London, Stratford, London E15 4LZ, UK
2
Department of Psychology and Sports Science, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield AL10 9AB, UK
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Eling Douwe de Bruin
Sports 2017, 5(1), 19; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports5010019
Received: 11 January 2017 / Revised: 1 March 2017 / Accepted: 7 March 2017 / Published: 11 March 2017
This study aimed to examine the effects of neck cooling on table tennis performance. Eight young, National level, male table tennis players (age 16 ± 2 years, height 1.77 ± 0.08 m, body mass 67.54 ± 10.66 kg) were recruited. Participants attended four testing sessions separated by a week. Session one determined fitness levels, and session two was a familiarisation trial. The final two sessions involved completing the table tennis-specific protocol either with (ICE) or without (CON) neck cooling for 1 min before each exercise period (bout: 80–90 shots), which represented an individual game. The exercise protocol required completing three bouts to represent a match, each simulating a different skill (forehand, backhand, alternate forehand and backhand), against a mechanical ball thrower. Performance was measured by the number of balls hitting two pre-determined targets. Heart rate, ratings of perceived exertion (RPE), and thermal sensation (TS) were measured. Total performance scores (shots on target) were significantly greater during ICE (136 ± 26), compared to CON (120 ± 25; p = 0.006) with a 15 (±12)% improvement. Effects for time (p < 0.05) but not condition (p > 0.05) were found for RPE and all other physiological variables. TS significantly decreased with cooling throughout the protocol (p = 0.03). Neck cooling appears to be beneficial for table tennis performance by lowering thermal sensation. View Full-Text
Keywords: skill; fatigue racquet sports; ice; thermoregulation skill; fatigue racquet sports; ice; thermoregulation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Desai, T.; Bottoms, L. Neck Cooling Improves Table Tennis Performance amongst Young National Level Players. Sports 2017, 5, 19. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports5010019

AMA Style

Desai T, Bottoms L. Neck Cooling Improves Table Tennis Performance amongst Young National Level Players. Sports. 2017; 5(1):19. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports5010019

Chicago/Turabian Style

Desai, Terun; Bottoms, Lindsay. 2017. "Neck Cooling Improves Table Tennis Performance amongst Young National Level Players" Sports 5, no. 1: 19. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports5010019

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