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Review

The Role of Ultrasound Guided Sampling Procedures in the Diagnosis of Pelvic Masses: A Narrative Review of the Literature

1
Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Human Oncology, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, Piazza Giulio Cesare 11, 70124 Bari, Italy
2
Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit, Interdisciplinar Department of Medicine, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, Piazza Giulio Cesare 11, 70124 Bari, Italy
3
SSD Radiodiagnostica Senologica, IRCCS Istituto Tumori Giovanni Paolo II”, Via Orazio Flacco 65, 70124 Bari, Italy
4
Department of General Medicine, Universitatea Medicina si Farmacie Grigore T Popa, Strada Universitatii 16, 700115 Iasi, Romania
5
Gynecologic Oncology Unit, IRCCS Istituto Tumori “Giovanni Paolo II”, Via Orazio Flacco 65, 70124 Bari, Italy
6
Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation, Pathology Section, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, Piazza Giulio Cesare 11, 70124 Bari, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Manuela Ludovisi
Diagnostics 2021, 11(12), 2204; https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11122204
Received: 20 October 2021 / Revised: 15 November 2021 / Accepted: 24 November 2021 / Published: 26 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Imaging of Gynecological Disease)
Ultrasound-guided sampling methods are usually minimally invasive techniques applied to obtain cytological specimens or tissue samples, mainly used for the diagnosis of different types of tumors. The main benefits of ultrasound guidance is its availability. It offers high flexibility in the choice of sampling approach (transabdominal, transvaginal, and transrectal) and short duration of procedure. Ultrasound guided sampling of pelvic masses represents the diagnostic method of choice in selected patients. We carried out a narrative review of literatures regarding the ultrasound-guided methods of cytological and histological evaluation of pelvic masses as well as the positive and negative predictors for the achievement of an adequate sample. View Full-Text
Keywords: ultrasound-guided sampling procedures; fine-needle aspiration cytology; fine-needle aspiration biopsy; tru-cut biopsy; pelvic masses ultrasound-guided sampling procedures; fine-needle aspiration cytology; fine-needle aspiration biopsy; tru-cut biopsy; pelvic masses
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MDPI and ACS Style

Arezzo, F.; Loizzi, V.; La Forgia, D.; Abdulwakil Kawosha, A.; Silvestris, E.; Cataldo, V.; Lombardi, C.; Cazzato, G.; Ingravallo, G.; Resta, L.; Cormio, G. The Role of Ultrasound Guided Sampling Procedures in the Diagnosis of Pelvic Masses: A Narrative Review of the Literature. Diagnostics 2021, 11, 2204. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11122204

AMA Style

Arezzo F, Loizzi V, La Forgia D, Abdulwakil Kawosha A, Silvestris E, Cataldo V, Lombardi C, Cazzato G, Ingravallo G, Resta L, Cormio G. The Role of Ultrasound Guided Sampling Procedures in the Diagnosis of Pelvic Masses: A Narrative Review of the Literature. Diagnostics. 2021; 11(12):2204. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11122204

Chicago/Turabian Style

Arezzo, Francesca, Vera Loizzi, Daniele La Forgia, Adam Abdulwakil Kawosha, Erica Silvestris, Viviana Cataldo, Claudio Lombardi, Gerardo Cazzato, Giuseppe Ingravallo, Leonardo Resta, and Gennaro Cormio. 2021. "The Role of Ultrasound Guided Sampling Procedures in the Diagnosis of Pelvic Masses: A Narrative Review of the Literature" Diagnostics 11, no. 12: 2204. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11122204

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