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Open AccessArticle

Equations of State for the Deep Earth: Some Fundamental Considerations

1
CSIRO Mineral Resources, Pullenvale, Queensland 4069, Australia
2
Technology Court, Pullenvale, Queensland 4069, Australia
Minerals 2019, 9(10), 636; https://doi.org/10.3390/min9100636
Received: 3 September 2019 / Revised: 14 October 2019 / Accepted: 15 October 2019 / Published: 17 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mineral Physics—In Memory of Orson Anderson)
None of the 40+ equations that have been proposed to describe material properties at the pressures of the Earth’s core and mantle have escaped serious criticism. In this paper, some basic algebraic and thermodynamic constraints are reviewed, with the conclusion that the next step should be a re-examination of the relationship between the dependence of the bulk modulus, K, on pressure, P, that is K d K / d P , and the normalized (dimensionless) pressure, P / K . A linear relationship between 1 / K and P / K terminating at the infinite pressure asymptote, at which these quantities become equal, has been used for analysing properties at extreme pressure, but may be inadequate for calculations requiring precise derivatives of an equation of state. A new analysis indicates that d ( 1 / K ) / d ( P / K ) increases with compression (or P / K ), but there are, at present, no reliable equations representing this. Relationships between higher derivatives of K and the thermodynamic Grüneisen parameter offer the prospect of a resolution of the problem and hence a new generation of fundamentally-based equations of state. Although an earlier conclusion that a completely general ‘universal’ equation is not possible, in principle, is confirmed in this study, the fundamental relationships present strong constraints for the forms of other proposed equations. View Full-Text
Keywords: equations of state; Grüneisen parameter; algebraic tests; thermodynamic tests; bulk modulus derivatives; core; mantle equations of state; Grüneisen parameter; algebraic tests; thermodynamic tests; bulk modulus derivatives; core; mantle
MDPI and ACS Style

Stacey, F.D. Equations of State for the Deep Earth: Some Fundamental Considerations. Minerals 2019, 9, 636.

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