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Open AccessArticle

Synthesis of Fuel Grade Molecules from Hydroprocessing of Biomass-Derived Compounds Catalyzed by Magnetic Fe(NiFe)O4-SiO2 Nanoparticles

1
Nanotechnology and Catalysis Research Centre (NANOCAT), University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
2
Department of Petrochemicals and Allied, National Research Institute for Chemical Technology (NARICT), Basawa 1052, Nigeria
3
College of Pharmacy, Al Muthanna University, Al Muthanna, Samawah 66001, Iraq
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Centre for Surface Chemistry and Catalysis, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200f, 3001 Heverlee, Belgium
5
Centre for Advanced Materials and Industrial Chemistry (CAMIC), School of Science, RMIT University, Melbourne 3001, Australia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Symmetry 2019, 11(4), 524; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym11040524
Received: 11 February 2019 / Revised: 18 March 2019 / Accepted: 28 March 2019 / Published: 11 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanocatalysis and Symmetry in Chemistry)
The development of promising magnetic nanocatalysts is one of the key research topics in the field of catalysis. This is because of their versatile surface physicochemical, magnetic, and size-dependent catalytic properties. Herein, an optimization strategy for the synthesis of high-value fuel grade chemicals from hydro-deoxygenation of biomass-derived furfural and vanillin using a nanostructured magnetic Fe(NiFe)O4-SiO2 catalyst, synthesized by a facile one-pot procedure, was presented. Accordingly, effects of calcination temperature from 400, 500, 600 to 700 °C on the structure-activity properties of the magnetic Fe(NiFe)O4-SiO2 catalyst was systematically studied. The magnetic Fe(NiFe)O4-SiO2 catalyst calcined at 500 °C exhibited the best catalytic performance, giving full conversions of vanillin and furfural, with good selectivity of 63 and 59% to cyclohexane and n-pentane (fuel grade chemicals), respectively. The prowess of this catalyst was attributed to its abundant acid properties in addendum to high BET surface area. View Full-Text
Keywords: magnetic nanocatalysts; biomass-derived compounds; hydro-deoxygenation; fuel grade chemicals; structure-activity correlations magnetic nanocatalysts; biomass-derived compounds; hydro-deoxygenation; fuel grade chemicals; structure-activity correlations
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MDPI and ACS Style

Halilu, A.; Hussein Ali, T.; Sudarsanam, P.; Bhargava, S.K. Synthesis of Fuel Grade Molecules from Hydroprocessing of Biomass-Derived Compounds Catalyzed by Magnetic Fe(NiFe)O4-SiO2 Nanoparticles. Symmetry 2019, 11, 524.

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