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Open AccessArticle

Detection and Localization of Interference and Useful Signal Extreme Points in Closely Coupled Multiconductor Transmission Line Networks

1
Television and Control Department, Tomsk State University of Control Systems and Radioelectronics, 634050 Tomsk, Russia
2
Information Technologies Department, Tomsk State Pedagogical University, 634061 Tomsk, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Symmetry 2019, 11(10), 1209; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym11101209
Received: 28 August 2019 / Revised: 25 September 2019 / Accepted: 26 September 2019 / Published: 27 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Information Technologies and Electronics)
This study highlights the importance of detecting and localizing useful and interference signal extreme points in multiconductor transmission lines (MCTL) by developing a new approach for detecting and localizing signal extreme points in MCTL networks of arbitrary complexity. A radio-electronic component is presented as a network consisting of a number of connected MCTL sections. Each MCTL section is divided into segments and the number of segments is set by the user. The approach is based on a quasi-static calculation of signal waveforms at any point (segment) along each conductor of an MCTL. The block diagrams of the developed algorithms are presented. Using the approach, a number of investigations have been done which include the following: the signal maximum detection and localization in the meander lines with one and two turns, the influence of ultrashort pulse duration on localization of its extreme points in the printed circuit board (PCB) bus of a spacecraft autonomous navigation system, the influence of ultrashort pulse duration on localization of crosstalk extreme points in the PCB bus, and the simulation of electrostatic discharge effects on the PCB bus. There are also some investigations with optimization methods presented. A genetic algorithm (GA) was used to optimize the influence of ultrashort pulse duration on localization of the pulse and crosstalk extreme points in the PCB bus. Furthermore, the GA was used to optimize the PCB bus loads by criteria of the peak voltage minimization. A similar investigation was carried out with the evolution strategy. The obtained results help us to argue that the signal extreme points can be detected both in structures with different configurations and applying different excitations. View Full-Text
Keywords: computer simulation; diagnostics of radio-electronic equipment; electrostatic discharge; evolution strategies; genetic algorithms; interference; optimization; quasi-static analysis; signal extreme points; spacecraft navigation system; ultrashort pulse computer simulation; diagnostics of radio-electronic equipment; electrostatic discharge; evolution strategies; genetic algorithms; interference; optimization; quasi-static analysis; signal extreme points; spacecraft navigation system; ultrashort pulse
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Gazizov, R.R.; Gazizov, T.T.; Gazizov, T.R. Detection and Localization of Interference and Useful Signal Extreme Points in Closely Coupled Multiconductor Transmission Line Networks. Symmetry 2019, 11, 1209.

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