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Article

Development of 3D Spatial Database Enabled IT Framework for Land Agencies: Case Studies of Delhi, India and Prague, Czech Republic

1
Independent Researcher, New Delhi 110075, India
2
Department of Geomatics, Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of West Bohemia, 301 00 Pilsen, Czech Republic
3
GRID, School of Built Environment, Faculty of Arts, Design and Achitecture, University of New South Wales, Kensington, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Fabrizio Battisti
Land 2021, 10(3), 248; https://doi.org/10.3390/land10030248
Received: 18 December 2020 / Revised: 19 January 2021 / Accepted: 29 January 2021 / Published: 1 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 3D Cadastre)
Rapid urbanization has led vertical infrastructural growth in different countries with differing economic development levels and social systems. The two cities, Prague and Delhi, are the capital cities of their respective countries and have significant vertical developments. However, the two cities represent the urban areas from countries having different economic development levels. The land agencies need to keep monitoring and managing the developments in a city. The paper proposes a conceptual 3D spatial database enabled IT framework for land agencies. A monostrand multiple case study approach reviews the current practices, existing spatial data systems and programmes with 3D components, initiatives taken to create digital spatial database and potential for 3D spatial database in the two cities. The policy drivers for creation and use of 3D spatial database for land agencies are presented. The current legal and planning landscape and the institutional arrangements related to land and property development have been studied considering the scope for the development of 3D data. Further, a conceptual 3D spatial database enabled IT framework for better land administration, planning, development and management functioning is proposed. The proposed framework can make a difference providing interconnectivity, ease of access and usage, time and cost efficiency, enhanced organizational coordination and spatial data information-based decision-making process. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3D; spatial database; IT; conceptual framework; land administration; land management 3D; spatial database; IT; conceptual framework; land administration; land management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ghawana, T.; Janečka, K.; Zlatanova, S. Development of 3D Spatial Database Enabled IT Framework for Land Agencies: Case Studies of Delhi, India and Prague, Czech Republic. Land 2021, 10, 248. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10030248

AMA Style

Ghawana T, Janečka K, Zlatanova S. Development of 3D Spatial Database Enabled IT Framework for Land Agencies: Case Studies of Delhi, India and Prague, Czech Republic. Land. 2021; 10(3):248. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10030248

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ghawana, Tarun, Karel Janečka, and Sisi Zlatanova. 2021. "Development of 3D Spatial Database Enabled IT Framework for Land Agencies: Case Studies of Delhi, India and Prague, Czech Republic" Land 10, no. 3: 248. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10030248

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