Sediment dredging is a common remediation tool for polluted water bodies. However, the long-term effects of dredging on chromium (Cr) contamination remain unclear. This study was conducted to evaluate the long-term effects of sediment dredging on Cr contamination in Lake Taihu, six years after dredging was performed. In this study, high-resolution equilibrium dialysis (HR-Peeper) and diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) sampling techniques were used for sampling total dissolved Cr and DGT-labile Cr(VI) at the sediment water interface. The results show that the vertical averaged concentrations of total dissolved Cr in summer (112.6 ± 28.8 μg/L) and winter (115.3 ± 29.9 μg/L) in the non-dredged site were above the fisheries water quality standard (AEPC, 2002). They were 38% lower in overlying water and 20% lower in sediment pore water in the dredged site in winter, while in summer the reduction was not evident. The concentration of total dissolved Cr in the dredged site was significantly higher in spring and autumn than those in the non-dredged site, which was probably caused by the large rainfall and river discharge during the two seasons. The vertically averaged concentrations of DGT-labile Cr(VI) in both the non-dredged and dredged sites did not exceed the drinking water quality standard requirements (WHO, 1993). Modeling of DGT-induced fluxes from sediment into overlying water showed a higher response time (Tc
) and lower adsorption rate (k1
) and desorption rate (k−1
) in the dredged site except in summer, indicating that sediment dredging decreased Cr mobility in sediments. Overall, these results confirm that sediment dredging decreased the risk of Cr contamination in winter in Lake Taihu.
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