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Open AccessArticle

Spatiotemporal Variation in Precipitation during Rainy Season in Beibu Gulf, South China, from 1961 to 2016

by Zhanming Liu 1, Hong Yang 1,2,* and Xinghu Wei 1
1
Research Center for Ecological Civilization Construction and Sustainable Development in Xijiang & Beijiang River Basin of Guangdong Province, Foshan University, Foshan 528000, China
2
Department of Geography and Environment Science, University of Reading, Reading RG6 6AB, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(4), 1170; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12041170
Received: 9 March 2020 / Revised: 1 April 2020 / Accepted: 15 April 2020 / Published: 19 April 2020
The spatiotemporal variation in precipitation is an important part of water cycle change, which is directly associated with the atmospheric environment and climate change. The high-resolution spatiotemporal change of precipitation is still unknown in many areas despite its importance. This study analyzed the spatiotemporal variation in precipitation in Beibu Gulf, South China, during the rainy season (from April to September) in the period of 1961–2016. The precipitation data were collected from 12 national standard rain-gauge observation stations. The spatiotemporal variation in precipitation was evaluated with incidence rate and contribution rate of precipitation. The tendency of variations was analyzed using the Mann–Kendall method. The precipitation in the rainy season contributed 80% to the total annual precipitation. In general, there was an exponential decreasing tendency between the precipitation incidence rate and increased precipitation durations. The corresponding contribution rate showed a downward trend after an initial increase. The precipitation incidence rate decreased with the rising precipitation grades, with a gradual increase in contribution rate. The precipitation incidence rate and contribution rate of 7–9 d durations showed the significant downward trends that passed the 95% level of significance test. The results provide a new understanding of precipitation change in the last five decades, which is valuable for predicting future climate change and extreme weather prevention and mitigation. View Full-Text
Keywords: precipitation structure; incidence rate; contribution rate; precipitation duration; precipitation grade; the Beibu Gulf precipitation structure; incidence rate; contribution rate; precipitation duration; precipitation grade; the Beibu Gulf
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Liu, Z.; Yang, H.; Wei, X. Spatiotemporal Variation in Precipitation during Rainy Season in Beibu Gulf, South China, from 1961 to 2016. Water 2020, 12, 1170.

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