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Open AccessArticle

Multiple Effects of Intense Meteorological Events in the Benevento Province, Southern Italy

1
Department of Sciences and Technologies, University of Sannio, 82100 Benevento, Italy
2
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, 00184 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(8), 1560; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11081560
Received: 20 June 2019 / Revised: 24 July 2019 / Accepted: 26 July 2019 / Published: 28 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Damaging Hydrogeological Events )
In October 2015, two intense rainfall events hit the central and southern regions of Italy and triggered a combination of different and widespread effects, including floods, landslides, and soil erosion. These outcomes devastated about 68 municipalities of the Benevento province (Campania region), killed two people, and caused millions of euros worth of damage to structures, infrastructures, and agriculture. The town of Benevento was one of the sectors most affected by overflow. Extensive areas characterized by flyschoid outcrops experienced widespread occurrences of soil erosion and landslides, and destructive, high-velocity debris flows (about 50) afflicted areas that had experienced heavy rainfall of higher intensity (total rainfall of 415.6 mm). In this study, the characteristics of these rainfall events and related geomorphological processes were determined by (i) analyzing the available rainfall data to identify the spatial pattern, distribution, and statistical characteristics of the two storms and (ii) mapping the storm effects, such as flooded areas, landslide types, and soil erosion. These effects were then related to the spatial distribution of the storms and the local geological and geomorphologic settings that drove their initiation and development. View Full-Text
Keywords: rainstorm; landslide; flood; soil erosion; debris flow; Benevento province rainstorm; landslide; flood; soil erosion; debris flow; Benevento province
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MDPI and ACS Style

Revellino, P.; Guerriero, L.; Mascellaro, N.; Fiorillo, F.; Grelle, G.; Ruzza, G.; Guadagno, F.M. Multiple Effects of Intense Meteorological Events in the Benevento Province, Southern Italy. Water 2019, 11, 1560.

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