Flood Fatalities in Europe, 1980–2018: Variability, Features, and Lessons to Learn
AbstractFloods are still a significant threat to people, despite of the considerable developments in forecasting, management, defensive, and rescue works. In the near future, climate and societal changes as both urbanization of flood prone areas and individual dangerous behaviors could increase flood fatalities. This paper analyzes flood mortality in eight countries using a 39-year database (1980–2018) named EUFF (EUropean Flood Fatalities), which was built using documentary sources. The narratives of fatalities were investigated and standardized in the database reporting the details of the events. The entire dataset shows a stable trend on flood fatalities, despite the existence of individual increasing (Greece, Italy, and South France) and decreasing (Turkey and Catalonia) trends. The 2466 fatalities were mainly males, aged between 30–49 years and the majority of them happened outdoor. Most often people were dragged by water/mud when travelling by motor vehicles. Some cases of hazardous behaviors, such as fording rivers, were also detected. The primary cause of death was drowning, followed by heart attack. This work contributes to understand the human–flood interaction that caused fatalities. The changes in society’s vulnerability highlighted throughout this study contribute to manage future risks, to improve people protection actions, and to reduce risk behaviors. View Full-Text
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Petrucci, O.; Aceto, L.; Bianchi, C.; Bigot, V.; Brázdil, R.; Pereira, S.; Kahraman, A.; Kılıç, Ö.; Kotroni, V.; Llasat, M.C.; Llasat-Botija, M.; Papagiannaki, K.; Pasqua, A.A.; Řehoř, J.; Rossello Geli, J.; Salvati, P.; Vinet, F.; Zêzere, J.L. Flood Fatalities in Europe, 1980–2018: Variability, Features, and Lessons to Learn. Water 2019, 11, 1682.
Petrucci O, Aceto L, Bianchi C, Bigot V, Brázdil R, Pereira S, Kahraman A, Kılıç Ö, Kotroni V, Llasat MC, Llasat-Botija M, Papagiannaki K, Pasqua AA, Řehoř J, Rossello Geli J, Salvati P, Vinet F, Zêzere JL. Flood Fatalities in Europe, 1980–2018: Variability, Features, and Lessons to Learn. Water. 2019; 11(8):1682.Chicago/Turabian Style
Petrucci, Olga; Aceto, Luigi; Bianchi, Cinzia; Bigot, Victoria; Brázdil, Rudolf; Pereira, Susana; Kahraman, Abdullah; Kılıç, Özgenur; Kotroni, Vassiliki; Llasat, Maria C.; Llasat-Botija, Montserrat; Papagiannaki, Katerina; Pasqua, Angela A.; Řehoř, Jan; Rossello Geli, Joan; Salvati, Paola; Vinet, Freddy; Zêzere, José L. 2019. "Flood Fatalities in Europe, 1980–2018: Variability, Features, and Lessons to Learn." Water 11, no. 8: 1682.
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