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Effectiveness of Rainwater Harvesting Systems for Flood Reduction in Residential Urban Areas

School of Engineering and Architecture, University of Enna “Kore”, Cittadella Universitaria, 94100 Enna, Italy
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Water 2019, 11(7), 1389; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11071389
Received: 20 May 2019 / Revised: 24 June 2019 / Accepted: 4 July 2019 / Published: 6 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Design of Urban Water Drainage Systems)
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Abstract

Rainwater harvesting (RWH) systems have many benefits being an effective alternative water supply solution, not only in arid and semi-arid regions. Also, these systems can be useful in the reduction of flood risk in urban areas. Nevertheless, most of the studies in literature focused on the potential of RWH in reducing water consumption, whereas few examples examined their efficiency in the retention of stormwater in flood-susceptible residential areas. The aim of this work was to investigate the reliability of RWH systems in terms of stormwater retention. Specifically, the performance of RWH tanks to supply water for toilet flushing, in more than 400 single-family houses in a residential area of Sicily (Southern Italy) was analyzed. The area of study was chosen due to its high susceptibility to flooding. A flushing water demand pattern was defined using water consumption data collected during a measurement campaign. The yield-after-spillage algorithm was used to simulate the daily water balance of the RWH tanks. The effect of the RWH implementation on flood volumes in the area of study was quantified using FLO-2D. Results point out that the potential of neighborhood RWH installation in the mitigation of flood risk is highly related to rainfall amount. View Full-Text
Keywords: rainwater harvesting system; stormwater retention; urban drainage system; flood risk rainwater harvesting system; stormwater retention; urban drainage system; flood risk
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Freni, G.; Liuzzo, L. Effectiveness of Rainwater Harvesting Systems for Flood Reduction in Residential Urban Areas. Water 2019, 11, 1389.

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