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Open AccessArticle

Independent Aridity and Drought Pieces of Evidence Based on Meteorological Data and Tree Ring Data in Southeast Banat, Vojvodina, Serbia

1
Chair for Physical Geography, Faculty of Science, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 3, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
2
Key Laboratory of Cenozoic Geology and Environment, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
3
CAS Center for Excellence in Life and Paleoenvironment, Beijing 100044, China
4
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
5
Research Group for Terrestrial Paleoclimates, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Hahn Meitner Weg 1, 55128 Mainz, Germany
6
Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Knez Mihajlova 35, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2019, 10(10), 586; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10100586
Received: 16 August 2019 / Revised: 9 September 2019 / Accepted: 14 September 2019 / Published: 27 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Meteorological and Hydrological Droughts)
In this study, aridity data and tree ring data were collected in Northern Serbia, in Southeast (SE) Banat, a subregion within Vojvodina, and Vojvodina at large. They were each investigated independently. The De Martonne Aridity Index and the Forestry Aridity Index are derived from examining the relationship between precipitation and surface air temperature data sets sourced from seven meteorological stations in SE Banat, and from 10 meteorological stations located in Vojvodina as a whole. Vojvodina is a large territory and used as the control area, for the period 1949–2017. The Palmer Drought Severity Index was derived for the period 1927–2016, for both SE Banat and the totality of Vojvodina. The results of the Tree Ring Width Index were obtained from samples collected in or around the villages of Vlajkovac and Šušara, both located in SE Banat, for the period 1927–2017. These tree ring records were compared with three previous aridity and drought indices, and the meteorological data on the surface air temperature and the precipitation, with the objective being to evaluate the response of tree growth to climate dynamics in the SE Banat subregion. It was noted that the significant positive temperature trends recorded in both areas were too insufficient to trigger any trends in aridity or the Tree Ring Width Index, as neither displayed any change. Instead, it appears that these climatic parameters only changed in response to the precipitation trend, which remained unchanged during the investigated period, rather than in response to the temperature trend. It appears that the forest vegetation in the investigated areas was not affected significantly by climate change in response to the dominant temperature increase. View Full-Text
Keywords: De Martonne aridity index; forestry aridity index; Palmer drought severity index; tree ring width index; temperature; precipitation; trend; correlation De Martonne aridity index; forestry aridity index; Palmer drought severity index; tree ring width index; temperature; precipitation; trend; correlation
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Gavrilov, M.B.; An, W.; Xu, C.; Radaković, M.G.; Hao, Q.; Yang, F.; Guo, Z.; Perić, Z.; Gavrilov, G.; Marković, S.B. Independent Aridity and Drought Pieces of Evidence Based on Meteorological Data and Tree Ring Data in Southeast Banat, Vojvodina, Serbia. Atmosphere 2019, 10, 586.

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