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The B-side of Cancer Immunity: The Underrated Tune

Tumor Stroma Interactions, Department of Oncology, Luxembourg Institute of Health, L-1526 Luxenbourg, Luxembourg
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally.
These authors share senior authorship.
Cells 2019, 8(5), 449; https://doi.org/10.3390/cells8050449
Received: 1 April 2019 / Revised: 8 May 2019 / Accepted: 10 May 2019 / Published: 13 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tumor Microenvironment: Interaction and Metabolism)
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Abstract

Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes are known to be critical in controlling tumor progression. While the role of T lymphocytes has been extensively studied, the function of B cells in this context is still ill-defined. In this review, we propose to explore the role of B cells in tumor immunity. First of all we define their dual role in promoting and inhibiting cancer progression depending on their phenotype. To continue, we describe the influence of different tumor microenvironment factors such as hypoxia on B cells functions and differentiation. Finally, the role of B cells in response to therapy and as potential target is examined. In accordance with the importance of B cells in immuno-oncology, we conclude that more studies are required to throw light on the precise role of B cells in the tumor microenvironment in order to have a better understanding of their functions, and to design new strategies that efficiently target these cells by immunotherapy.
Keywords: B lymphocytes; tumor microenvironment; immunotherapy; tumor immunity; Breg B lymphocytes; tumor microenvironment; immunotherapy; tumor immunity; Breg
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Largeot, A.; Pagano, G.; Gonder, S.; Moussay, E.; Paggetti, J. The B-side of Cancer Immunity: The Underrated Tune. Cells 2019, 8, 449.

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