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Cells 2019, 8(1), 32; https://doi.org/10.3390/cells8010032

A Disintegrin and Metalloprotease 15 is Expressed on Rheumatoid Arthritis Synovial Tissue Endothelial Cells and may Mediate Angiogenesis

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, Showa University School of Medicine, Tokyo 142-8555, Japan
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Received: 7 November 2018 / Revised: 3 January 2019 / Accepted: 5 January 2019 / Published: 9 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Molecular and Cellular Basis for Rheumatoid Arthritis)
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Abstract

A disintegrin and metalloprotease 15 (ADAM15) is involved in several malignancies. In this study, we investigated the role of ADAM15 in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) angiogenesis. Soluble ADAM15 (s-ADAM15) in serum from RA and normal (NL) subjects was measured using ELISA. To determine membrane-anchored ADAM15 (ADAM15) expression in RA synovial tissues, immunohistochemistry was performed. To examine the role of ADAM15 in angiogenesis, we performed in vitro Matrigel assays and monocyte adhesion assays using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) transfected with ADAM15 siRNA. Finally, to investigate whether angiogenic mediators were affected by ADAM15, cytokines in ADAM15 siRNA-transfected HUVEC-conditioned medium were measured. ADAM15 was significantly higher in RA serum than in NL serum. ADAM15 was also expressed on RAST endothelial cells. ADAM15 siRNA-treated HUVECs had decreased EC tube formation in response to RA synovial fluids compared with non-treated HUVECs. The adhesion index of ADAM15 siRNA-transfected HUVECs was significantly lower than the adhesion index of control siRNA-transfected HUVECs. ENA-78/CXCL5 and ICAM-1 were decreased in tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α-stimulated ADAM15 siRNA-transfected HUVEC-conditioned medium compared with TNF-α-stimulated control siRNA-transfected HUVEC-conditioned medium. These data show that ADAM15 plays a role in RA angiogenesis, suggesting that ADAM15 might be a potential target in inflammatory diseases such as RA. View Full-Text
Keywords: ADAM15; rheumatoid arthritis; angiogenesis; cytokine ADAM15; rheumatoid arthritis; angiogenesis; cytokine
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Nishimi, S.; Isozaki, T.; Wakabayashi, K.; Takeuchi, H.; Kasama, T. A Disintegrin and Metalloprotease 15 is Expressed on Rheumatoid Arthritis Synovial Tissue Endothelial Cells and may Mediate Angiogenesis. Cells 2019, 8, 32.

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