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Insulin-Degrading Enzyme, an Under-Estimated Potential Target to Treat Cancer?

INSERM U1177 Drugs and Molecules for Living Systems, Institut Pasteur de Lille, European Genomic Institute for Diabetes, University of Lille, F-59000 Lille, France
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Academic Editors: Irene Cozar-Castellano and German Perdomo
Cells 2022, 11(7), 1228; https://doi.org/10.3390/cells11071228
Received: 14 February 2022 / Revised: 31 March 2022 / Accepted: 1 April 2022 / Published: 5 April 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Insulin-Degrading Enzyme in Health and Disease)
Insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE) is a multifunctional protease due to the variety of its substrates, its various cellular locations, its conservation between species and its many non-proteolytic functions. Numerous studies have successfully demonstrated its implication in two main therapeutic areas: metabolic and neuronal diseases. In recent years, several reports have underlined the overexpression of this enzyme in different cancers. Still, the exact role of IDE in the physiopathology of cancer remains to be elucidated. Known as the main enzyme responsible for the degradation of insulin, an essential growth factor for healthy cells and cancer cells, IDE has also been shown to behave like a chaperone and interact with the proteasome. The pharmacological modulation of IDE (siRNA, chemical compounds, etc.) has demonstrated interesting results in cancer models. All these results point towards IDE as a potential target in cancer. In this review, we will discuss evidence of links between IDE and cancer development or resistance, IDE’s functions, catalytic or non-catalytic, in the context of cell proliferation, cancer development and the impact of the pharmacomodulation of IDE via cancer therapeutics. View Full-Text
Keywords: insulin-degrading enzyme; cancer; target insulin-degrading enzyme; cancer; target
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lesire, L.; Leroux, F.; Deprez-Poulain, R.; Deprez, B. Insulin-Degrading Enzyme, an Under-Estimated Potential Target to Treat Cancer? Cells 2022, 11, 1228. https://doi.org/10.3390/cells11071228

AMA Style

Lesire L, Leroux F, Deprez-Poulain R, Deprez B. Insulin-Degrading Enzyme, an Under-Estimated Potential Target to Treat Cancer? Cells. 2022; 11(7):1228. https://doi.org/10.3390/cells11071228

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lesire, Laetitia, Florence Leroux, Rebecca Deprez-Poulain, and Benoit Deprez. 2022. "Insulin-Degrading Enzyme, an Under-Estimated Potential Target to Treat Cancer?" Cells 11, no. 7: 1228. https://doi.org/10.3390/cells11071228

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