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Using Regulatory Flexibility to Address Market Informality in Seed Systems: A Global Study

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New Markets Lab, Georgetown University Law Center, 600 New Jersey Ave., N.W., Washington, DC 20001, USA
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Catholic Relief Services, 228 W Lexington Street, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Niels P. Louwaars and Bram De Jonge
Agronomy 2021, 11(2), 377; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11020377
Received: 30 December 2020 / Revised: 6 February 2021 / Accepted: 8 February 2021 / Published: 20 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Role of Policies in Plant Breeding—Rights and Obligations)
Seed rules and regulations determine who can produce and sell seeds, which varieties will be available in the market, the quality of seed for sale, and where seed can be bought and sold. The legal and regulatory environment for seed impacts all stakeholders, including those in the informal sector, through shaping who can participate in the market and the quality and diversity of seed available. This paper addresses a gap in the current literature regarding the role of law and regulation in linking the informal and formal seed sectors and creating more inclusive and better governed seed systems. Drawing upon insights from the literature, global case studies, key expert consultations, and a methodology on the design and implementation of law and regulation, we present a framework that evaluates how regulatory flexibility can be built into seed systems to address farmers’ needs and engage stakeholders of all sizes. Our study focuses on two key dimensions: extending market frontiers and liberalizing seed quality control mechanisms. We find that flexible regulatory approaches and practices play a central role in building bridges between formal and informal seed systems, guaranteeing quality seed in the market, and encouraging market entry for high-quality traditional and farmer-preferred varieties. View Full-Text
Keywords: seed systems; seed policy; seed regulations; agricultural law; enabling environment seed systems; seed policy; seed regulations; agricultural law; enabling environment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kuhlmann, K.; Dey, B. Using Regulatory Flexibility to Address Market Informality in Seed Systems: A Global Study. Agronomy 2021, 11, 377. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11020377

AMA Style

Kuhlmann K, Dey B. Using Regulatory Flexibility to Address Market Informality in Seed Systems: A Global Study. Agronomy. 2021; 11(2):377. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11020377

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kuhlmann, Katrin; Dey, Bhramar. 2021. "Using Regulatory Flexibility to Address Market Informality in Seed Systems: A Global Study" Agronomy 11, no. 2: 377. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11020377

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