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The Use of Intellectual Property Systems in Plant Breeding for Ensuring Deployment of Good Agricultural Practices

Plant Breeding and and Agrosystems Research, Wageningen University & Research, NL-6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands
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Academic Editors: Niels P. Louwaars and Bram de Jonge
Agronomy 2021, 11(6), 1163; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11061163
Received: 7 May 2021 / Revised: 28 May 2021 / Accepted: 30 May 2021 / Published: 7 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Role of Policies in Plant Breeding—Rights and Obligations)
Breeding innovations are relevant for sustainable agricultural development and food security, as new, resilient production systems require crop varieties optimally suited for these systems. In the societal debate around genetic engineering and other plant breeding innovations, ownership of patents on the technology used in the hands of large companies is often seen as a reason that small breeding companies are denied opportunities for further improving varieties or that farmers are restricted in using such varieties. However, intellectual property (IP) systems may also be used as tools to ensure the use of good agricultural practices when cultivating the resulting varieties. This paper explores documented cases in which IP systems (plant variety rights, patents and brand names) are used to promote that innovative varieties are grown according to good agricultural practices (GAP). These include effective disease resistance management regimes in innovative crop varieties of potato in order to prevent or delay pathogens from overcoming disease resistance genes, management regimes for transgenic insect-resistant Bt or herbicide-tolerant crops to prevent the development of resistant pests or weeds, respectively. The results are discussed with respect to the influence of breeders on GAP measures through various forms of IP and the contribution and role of other stakeholders, authorities and society at large in stimulating and ensuring the use of GAP. View Full-Text
Keywords: plant breeder’s rights; patent; brand name; stewardship; resistance management plant breeder’s rights; patent; brand name; stewardship; resistance management
MDPI and ACS Style

Smulders, M.J.M.; van de Wiel, C.C.M.; Lotz, L.A.P. The Use of Intellectual Property Systems in Plant Breeding for Ensuring Deployment of Good Agricultural Practices. Agronomy 2021, 11, 1163. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11061163

AMA Style

Smulders MJM, van de Wiel CCM, Lotz LAP. The Use of Intellectual Property Systems in Plant Breeding for Ensuring Deployment of Good Agricultural Practices. Agronomy. 2021; 11(6):1163. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11061163

Chicago/Turabian Style

Smulders, Marinus J.M., Clemens C.M. van de Wiel, and Lambertus A.P. Lotz 2021. "The Use of Intellectual Property Systems in Plant Breeding for Ensuring Deployment of Good Agricultural Practices" Agronomy 11, no. 6: 1163. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11061163

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