Next Article in Journal
Synthesis, X-ray Crystal Structure and Antimicrobial Activity of Unexpected Trinuclear Cu(II) Complex from s-Triazine-Based Di-Compartmental Ligand via Self-Assembly
Next Article in Special Issue
Design of Low-Glared LED Rear Light of Automotive for EU ECE Regulation by Use of Optimized Micro-Prisms Array
Previous Article in Journal
Crystallographic Insights into Uranyl Sulfate Minerals Formation: Synthesis and Crystal Structures of Three Novel Cesium Uranyl Sulfates
Previous Article in Special Issue
Design of an LED Spot Light System with a Projection Distance of 10 km
Open AccessArticle

Design of a Bicycle Head Lamp Using an Atypical White Light-Emitting Diode with Separate Dies

Department of Optics and Photonics, National Central University, Chung-Li 320, Taiwan
Department of Electrophysics, National Chiao Tung University, Hsin-Chu 30010, Taiwan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Crystals 2019, 9(12), 659;
Received: 13 November 2019 / Revised: 28 November 2019 / Accepted: 3 December 2019 / Published: 9 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced LED Solid-state Lighting Optics)
To the best of our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of a design for a bicycle head lamp with a high-contrast cutoff line using an atypical white light-emitting diode (LED) with two separate dies. The precise optical model was created by setting the weighting factor on the emitting surface. The downward reflector was designed and fabricated to produce a high-contrast cutoff line in both short- and long-axis orientations, but a yellowish outer pattern was observed. A modified two-color optical model was created to describe the yellowish patterns in both orientations and explain the yellowish effect. Such an effect was caused by the larger coverage area of the phosphor than that by the blue dies. To reduce the yellowish effect near the cutoff line, a specific phosphor area was blocked in the experiment. The yellowish effect was greatly reduced, and the contrast across the cutoff line was enhanced. The presented technology is useful for designing a high-contrast light pattern with such an atypical white LED. View Full-Text
Keywords: white LED; k-mark; bicycle head lamp; cutoff line white LED; k-mark; bicycle head lamp; cutoff line
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Lin, H.-J.; Sun, C.-C.; Wu, C.-S.; Lee, X.-H.; Yang, T.-H.; Lin, S.-K.; Lin, Y.-J.; Yu, Y.-W. Design of a Bicycle Head Lamp Using an Atypical White Light-Emitting Diode with Separate Dies. Crystals 2019, 9, 659.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop