Selective Neck Dissection and Survival in Pathologically Node-Positive Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma
AbstractThe most important prognostic factor in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is neck metastasis, which is treated by neck dissection. Although selective neck dissection (SND) is a useful tool for clinically node-negative OSCC, its efficacy for neck node-positive OSCC has not been established. Sixty-eight OSCC patients with pN1–3 disease who were treated with curative surgery using SND and/or modified-radical/radical neck dissection (MRND/RND) were retrospectively reviewed. The neck control rate was 94% for pN1–3 patients who underwent SND. The five-year overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) in pN1-3 OSCC patients were 62% and 71%, respectively. The multivariate analysis of clinical and pathological variables identified the number of positive nodes as an independent predictor of SND outcome (OS, hazard ratio (HR) = 4.98, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.48–16.72, p < 0.01; DSS, HR = 6.44, 95% CI: 1.76–23.50, p < 0.01). The results of this retrospective study showed that only SND for neck node-positive OSCC was appropriate for those with up to 2 lymph nodes that had a largest diameter ≤3 cm without extranodal extension (ENE) of the neck and adjuvant radiotherapy. However, the availability of postoperative therapeutic options for high-risk OSCC, including ENE and/or multiple positive lymph nodes, needs to be further investigated. View Full-Text
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Shimura, S.; Ogi, K.; Miyazaki, A.; Shimizu, S.; Kaneko, T.; Sonoda, T.; Kobayashi, J.; Igarashi, T.; Miyakawa, A.; Hasegawa, T.; Hiratsuka, H. Selective Neck Dissection and Survival in Pathologically Node-Positive Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma. Cancers 2019, 11, 269.
Shimura S, Ogi K, Miyazaki A, Shimizu S, Kaneko T, Sonoda T, Kobayashi J, Igarashi T, Miyakawa A, Hasegawa T, Hiratsuka H. Selective Neck Dissection and Survival in Pathologically Node-Positive Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma. Cancers. 2019; 11(2):269.Chicago/Turabian Style
Shimura, Shunichi; Ogi, Kazuhiro; Miyazaki, Akihiro; Shimizu, Shota; Kaneko, Takeshi; Sonoda, Tomoko; Kobayashi, Junichi; Igarashi, Tomohiro; Miyakawa, Akira; Hasegawa, Tadashi; Hiratsuka, Hiroyoshi. 2019. "Selective Neck Dissection and Survival in Pathologically Node-Positive Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma." Cancers 11, no. 2: 269.
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