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Open AccessFeature PaperEditor’s ChoiceReview

Recent Advances of Wearable Antennas in Materials, Fabrication Methods, Designs, and Their Applications: State-of-the-Art

1
Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Universiti Teknologi, PETRONAS Bander Seri Iskandar, Tronoh 32610, Perak, Malaysia
2
School of Engineering, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK
3
Research Center for Applied Electromagnetics, Institute of Integrated Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Parit Raja 86400, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Micromachines 2020, 11(10), 888; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi11100888
Received: 8 August 2020 / Revised: 25 August 2020 / Accepted: 27 August 2020 / Published: 24 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Future Wearable and Implants)
The demand for wearable technologies has grown tremendously in recent years. Wearable antennas are used for various applications, in many cases within the context of wireless body area networks (WBAN). In WBAN, the presence of the human body poses a significant challenge to the wearable antennas. Specifically, such requirements are required to be considered on a priority basis in the wearable antennas, such as structural deformation, precision, and accuracy in fabrication methods and their size. Various researchers are active in this field and, accordingly, some significant progress has been achieved recently. This article attempts to critically review the wearable antennas especially in light of new materials and fabrication methods, and novel designs, such as miniaturized button antennas and miniaturized single and multi-band antennas, and their unique smart applications in WBAN. Finally, the conclusion has been drawn with respect to some future directions. View Full-Text
Keywords: wearable technology; wireless body area network (WBAN), material; fabrication; wearable antennas; body-centric communication wearable technology; wireless body area network (WBAN), material; fabrication; wearable antennas; body-centric communication
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ali, S.M.; Sovuthy, C.; Imran, M.A.; Socheatra, S.; Abbasi, Q.H.; Abidin, Z.Z. Recent Advances of Wearable Antennas in Materials, Fabrication Methods, Designs, and Their Applications: State-of-the-Art. Micromachines 2020, 11, 888.

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