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Open AccessReview

Fusarium Toxins in Chinese Wheat since the 1980s

by Jianbo Qiu 1, Jianhong Xu 1,2,* and Jianrong Shi 1,2,*
1
Key Laboratory for Control Technology and Standard for Agro-product Safety and Quality, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs/Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Food Quality and Safety-State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base, Ministry of Science and Technology/Collaborative Innovation Center for Modern Grain Circulation and Safety/Institute of Food Safety and Nutrition, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing 210014, China
2
School of Food and Biological Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Toxins 2019, 11(5), 248; https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins11050248
Received: 4 April 2019 / Revised: 22 April 2019 / Accepted: 27 April 2019 / Published: 30 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fungal Growth and Mycotoxins: Challenges for developing countries)
Wheat Fusarium head blight (FHB), caused by Fusarium species, is a widespread and destructive fungal disease. In addition to the substantial yield and revenue losses, diseased grains are often contaminated with Fusarium mycotoxins, making them unsuitable for human consumption or use as animal feed. As a vital food and feed ingredient in China, the quality and safety of wheat and its products have gained growing attention from consumers, producers, scientists, and policymakers. This review supplies detailed data about the occurrence of Fusarium toxins and related intoxications from the 1980s to the present. Despite the serious situation of toxin contamination in wheat, the concentration of toxins in flour is usually lower than that in raw materials, and food-poisoning incidents have been considerably reduced. Much work has been conducted on every phase of toxin production and wheat circulation by scientific researchers. Regulations for maximum contamination limits have been established in recent years and play a substantial role in ensuring the stability of the national economy and people’s livelihoods. View Full-Text
Keywords: China; wheat; Fusarium species; mycotoxicoses; Fusarium toxins; toxin management China; wheat; Fusarium species; mycotoxicoses; Fusarium toxins; toxin management
MDPI and ACS Style

Qiu, J.; Xu, J.; Shi, J. Fusarium Toxins in Chinese Wheat since the 1980s. Toxins 2019, 11, 248.

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