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Protective Effect of the Total Saponins from Rosa laevigata Michx Fruit against Carbon Tetrachloride-Induced Liver Fibrosis in Rats

1
College of Pharmacy, Dalian Medical University, No. 9 Western Lvshun South Road, Dalian 116044, China
2
The First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116011, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2015, 7(6), 4829-4850; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu7064829
Received: 23 April 2015 / Revised: 5 June 2015 / Accepted: 5 June 2015 / Published: 15 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Products for Human Health)
In this study, the protective effect of the total saponins from Rosa laevigata Michx (RLTS) against liver fibrosis induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) in rats was evaluated. The results showed that RLTS significantly rehabilitated the levels of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, malondialdehyde, glutathione, glutathione peroxidase, catalase, superoxide dismutase, hydroxyproline, α-smooth muscle actin, collagen I, collagen III and fibronectin, which were confirmed using H&E, Sirius Red and Masson histopathological assays. Further research indicated that RLTS markedly reduced cytochrome P450 2E1 activity, attenuated oxidative stress, and suppressed inflammation. In addition, RLTS facilitated matrix degradation through down-regulation of matrix metalloproteinase2, matrix metalloproteinase 9 and metalloproteinases1, and exerted the anti-fibrotic effects through affecting transforming growth factor β/Smad, focal adhesion kinase/phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase/amino kinase terminal/70-kDa ribosomal S6 Kinase (FAK-PI3K-Akt-p70S6K) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways. Taken together, our data indicate that RLTS can be applied as one effective candidate for the treatment of liver fibrosis in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: protective effect; Rosa laevigata Michx; total saponins; liver fibrosis protective effect; Rosa laevigata Michx; total saponins; liver fibrosis
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Dong, D.; Yin, L.; Qi, Y.; Xu, L.; Peng, J. Protective Effect of the Total Saponins from Rosa laevigata Michx Fruit against Carbon Tetrachloride-Induced Liver Fibrosis in Rats. Nutrients 2015, 7, 4829-4850.

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