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Article

Translation of Two Healthy Eating and Active Living Support Programs for Parents of 2–6-Year-Old Children: Outcomes of the ‘Time for Healthy Habits’ Parallel Partially Randomised Preference Trial

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Early Start, Faculty of the Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
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School of Health and Society, Faculty of the Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
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Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
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School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan, Newcastle, NSW 2308, Australia
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Hunter New England Population Health, Wallsend, Newcastle, NSW 2287, Australia
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Hunter Medical Research Institute, New Lambton Heights, Newcastle, NSW 2305, Australia
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Priority Research Centre for Heath Behaviour, University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan, Newcastle, NSW 2308, Australia
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School of Education, Faculty of the Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
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National Institute for Applied Statistics Research Australia, School of Maths and Applied Statistics, Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
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School of Health Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Melbourne, VIC 3122, Australia
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Centre for Population Health, New South Wales Ministry of Health, St Leonards, Sydney, NSW 2065, Australia
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HealthConsult, Sydney, NSW 2000, Australia
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College of Medicine and Public Health, Flinders University, Darwin, NT 0800, Australia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kyle S. Burger
Nutrients 2021, 13(10), 3348; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103348
Received: 7 September 2021 / Revised: 21 September 2021 / Accepted: 22 September 2021 / Published: 24 September 2021
This translation study assessed the effectiveness of two remotely delivered healthy eating and active living interventions for parents of 2- to 6-year-old children in improving child fruit and vegetable intake, non-core food intake, body mass index (BMI), physical activity, screen time, and sleep. Parents (n = 458) were recruited to a partially randomised preference trial comprising three intervention groups. Healthy Habits Plus comprised six telephone calls, Time2bHealthy comprised six online modules, and the active control comprised ten information sheets and a summary booklet. Data were collected from parents via a telephone questionnaire at baseline and nine months post-baseline. Data were analysed for randomised participants alone (n = 240), preference participants alone (n = 218), and all participants combined (n = 458). There was no significant improvement in fruit and vegetable intake (primary outcome) when comparing the telephone and online interventions to the control. In both the randomised only and all participants combined analyses, there was a significant improvement in non-core food intake for the telephone intervention compared to the control (p < 0.001). Differences between interventions for other outcomes were small. In conclusion, the telephone and online interventions did not improve child fruit and vegetable intake relative to written materials, but the telephone intervention did improve non-core food intake. View Full-Text
Keywords: childhood obesity prevention; fruit; vegetable; intervention; home food environment; healthy eating; screen time; sedentary behaviour; physical activity; movement childhood obesity prevention; fruit; vegetable; intervention; home food environment; healthy eating; screen time; sedentary behaviour; physical activity; movement
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hammersley, M.L.; Wyse, R.J.; Jones, R.A.; Stacey, F.; Okely, A.D.; Wolfenden, L.; Batterham, M.J.; Yoong, S.; Eckermann, S.; Green, A.; Xu, J.; Innes-Hughes, C.; Jackson, J.; Li, V.; Rissel, C. Translation of Two Healthy Eating and Active Living Support Programs for Parents of 2–6-Year-Old Children: Outcomes of the ‘Time for Healthy Habits’ Parallel Partially Randomised Preference Trial. Nutrients 2021, 13, 3348. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103348

AMA Style

Hammersley ML, Wyse RJ, Jones RA, Stacey F, Okely AD, Wolfenden L, Batterham MJ, Yoong S, Eckermann S, Green A, Xu J, Innes-Hughes C, Jackson J, Li V, Rissel C. Translation of Two Healthy Eating and Active Living Support Programs for Parents of 2–6-Year-Old Children: Outcomes of the ‘Time for Healthy Habits’ Parallel Partially Randomised Preference Trial. Nutrients. 2021; 13(10):3348. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103348

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hammersley, Megan L., Rebecca J. Wyse, Rachel A. Jones, Fiona Stacey, Anthony D. Okely, Luke Wolfenden, Marijka J. Batterham, Serene Yoong, Simon Eckermann, Amanda Green, Joe Xu, Christine Innes-Hughes, Jacklyn Jackson, Vincy Li, and Chris Rissel. 2021. "Translation of Two Healthy Eating and Active Living Support Programs for Parents of 2–6-Year-Old Children: Outcomes of the ‘Time for Healthy Habits’ Parallel Partially Randomised Preference Trial" Nutrients 13, no. 10: 3348. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103348

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