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Article

Association among Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Cardiovascular, Obesity, and Anthropometric Variables of Overweight and Obese Middle-Aged and Older Adults

1
Research Group on Health, Physical Activity, Fitness and Motor Behaviour (GISAFFCOM), Catholic University San Antonio of Murcia, Campus de los Jerónimos, Guadalupe, 30107 Murcia, Spain
2
Active Aging, Exercise and Health/HEALTHY-AGE Network, Consejo Superior de Deportes (CSD), Ministry of Culture and Sport of Spain, 28040 Madrid, Spain
3
Sports Injury Prevention Research Group, Catholic University San Antonio of Murcia, Campus de los Jerónimos, Guadalupe, 30107 Murcia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(9), 2750; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092750
Received: 17 August 2020 / Revised: 7 September 2020 / Accepted: 7 September 2020 / Published: 10 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Role of Physical Activity and Diet in Human Health during Aging)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the independent and combined associations between adherence to the Mediterranean diet (AMedDiet), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and different parameters of overweight and obese middle-aged and older adults. Sixty-two participants were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Fat mass was measured with Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. AMedDiet and physical activity (PA) were assessed with the PREDIMED and Global PA Questionnaire (GPAQ). Maximal aerobic power was assessed using the 6-min walk test. Systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure (BP) were measured with Omron M6, and double product (DP) and mean BP (MBP) were calculated. Kinanthropometry proportionality variables related to obesity were also calculated. Participants with a low CRF as an independent factor or together with a low AMedDiet obtained significantly higher BP, total and trunk fat mass, and proportionality variables (all p ˂ 0.0001). According to the multiple nonlinear regression analysis, Vo2max, AMedDiet, and sex explained 53.4% of SBP, with this formula: 238.611 − (3.63*Vo2max) + (0.044*Vo2max2) − (13.051*AMedDiet) + (0.68*AMedDiet2) + (12.887*sex). SBP and p rediction SBP with the new formula showed a correlation of 0.731 (p ˂ 0.0001); showing a difference between the values of −0.278 (p = 0.883). In conclusion, CRF as an independent factor and combined with AMedDiet can be associated with BP, body composition, and proportionality in overweight and obese middle-aged and older adults. View Full-Text
Keywords: body composition; body mass index; blood pressure; cardiorespiratory fitness; diet habits; Vo2max body composition; body mass index; blood pressure; cardiorespiratory fitness; diet habits; Vo2max
MDPI and ACS Style

Marcos-Pardo, P.J.; González-Gálvez, N.; Espeso-García, A.; Abelleira-Lamela, T.; López-Vivancos, A.; Vaquero-Cristóbal, R. Association among Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Cardiovascular, Obesity, and Anthropometric Variables of Overweight and Obese Middle-Aged and Older Adults. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2750. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092750

AMA Style

Marcos-Pardo PJ, González-Gálvez N, Espeso-García A, Abelleira-Lamela T, López-Vivancos A, Vaquero-Cristóbal R. Association among Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Cardiovascular, Obesity, and Anthropometric Variables of Overweight and Obese Middle-Aged and Older Adults. Nutrients. 2020; 12(9):2750. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092750

Chicago/Turabian Style

Marcos-Pardo, Pablo J., Noelia González-Gálvez, Alejandro Espeso-García, Tomás Abelleira-Lamela, Abraham López-Vivancos, and Raquel Vaquero-Cristóbal. 2020. "Association among Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Cardiovascular, Obesity, and Anthropometric Variables of Overweight and Obese Middle-Aged and Older Adults" Nutrients 12, no. 9: 2750. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092750

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