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Open AccessReview

The Effects and Potential Mechanism of Oil Palm Phenolics in Cardiovascular Health: A Review on Current Evidence

1
Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety Unit, Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur 56000, Malaysia
2
Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB), No. 6 Persiaran Institusi, Bandar Baru Bangi, Kajang Selangor 43000, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(7), 2055; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12072055
Received: 14 June 2020 / Revised: 5 July 2020 / Accepted: 7 July 2020 / Published: 10 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary (Poly)Phenols and Health)
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is globally known as the number one cause of death with hyperlipidemia as a strong risk factor for CVD. The initiation of drug treatment will be recommended if lifestyle modification fails. However, medicines currently used for improving cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterols (LDL-C) levels have been associated with various side effects. Thus, alternative treatment with fewer or no side effects needs to be explored. A potential agent, oil palm phenolics (OPP) recovered from the aqueous waste of oil palm milling process contains numerous water-soluble phenolic compounds. It has been postulated that OPP has shown cardioprotective effects via several mechanisms such as cholesterol biosynthesis pathway, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. This review aims to summarize the current evidence explicating the actions of OPP in cardiovascular health and the mechanisms that maybe involved for the cardioprotective effects. View Full-Text
Keywords: hyperlipidemia; oil palm phenolics; cholesterol biosynthesis pathway hyperlipidemia; oil palm phenolics; cholesterol biosynthesis pathway
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ibrahim, N.‘.; Fairus, S.; Naina Mohamed, I. The Effects and Potential Mechanism of Oil Palm Phenolics in Cardiovascular Health: A Review on Current Evidence. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2055.

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