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Article

Alcohol Drinking and Health in Ageing: A Global Scale Analysis of Older Individual Data through the Harmonised Dataset of ATHLOS

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Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu, Fundacion Sant Joan de Deu, 42, 08830 Sant Boi de Llobregat, Spain
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Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental, CIBERSAM, Monforte de Lemos 3–5, Pabellón 11, 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Science and Education, Harokopio University, 70 Eleftheriou Venizelou Ave, Attica, 176 61 Athens, Greece
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Psychology and Neuroscience, Department of Health Service and Population Research, Institute of Psychiatry, King’s College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
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Research Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1–19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 7HB, UK
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Department of Psychiatry, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain
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Hospital Universitario de La Princesa, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Princesa (IIS Princesa), 28006 Madrid, Spain
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Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain
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CIBER of Epidemiology and Public Health-CIBERESP, 28029 Madrid, Spain
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SPRING TECHNO GMBH & Co. KG, 28199 Bremen, Germany
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World Population Program, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital, 2361 Laxenburg, Austria
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Vienna Institute of Demography, Austrian Academy of Science, 1030 Vienna, Austria
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International Laboratory for Demography and Human Capital, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), 119571 Moscow, Russia
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Department of Economics, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA
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AGE Platform, 1150 Brussels, Belgium
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Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies, Stockholm University, 114 19 Stockholm, Sweden
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Department of Global Public Health, Karolinska Institutet, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
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Department of Health Sciences and Health Policy, University of Lucerne, 6002 Lucerne, Switzerland
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Swiss Paraplegic Research, 6207 Nottwil, Switzerland
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Information, Evidence and Research, World Health Organization, 1202 Geneva, Switzerland
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Department of Public Health Solutions, Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), P.O. Box 30, FI-00271 Helsinki, Finland
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Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, 20133 Milan, Italy
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Department of Epidemiology and Population Studies, Faculty of Health Sciences, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 31-008 Krakow, Poland
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Department of Medical Sociology, Department of Epidemiology, Chair of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 31-008 Krakow, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(6), 1746; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061746
Received: 12 May 2020 / Revised: 4 June 2020 / Accepted: 7 June 2020 / Published: 11 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ageing and Sarcopenia: Effect of Community and Clinical Nutrition)
We investigated the relation between alcohol drinking and healthy ageing by means of a validated health status metric, using individual data from the Ageing Trajectories of Health: Longitudinal Opportunities and Synergies (ATHLOS) project. For the purposes of this study, the ATHLOS harmonised dataset, which includes information from individuals aged 65+ in 38 countries, was analysed (n = 135,440). Alcohol drinking was reflected by means of three harmonised variables: alcohol drinking frequency, current and past alcohol drinker. A set of 41 self-reported health items and measured tests were used to generate a specific health metric. In the harmonised dataset, the prevalence of current drinking was 47.5% while of past drinking was 26.5%. In the pooled sample, current alcohol drinking was positively associated with better health status among older adults ((b-coef (95% CI): 1.32(0.45 to 2.19)) and past alcohol drinking was inversely related (b-coef (95% CI): −0.83 (−1.51 to −0.16)) with health status. Often alcohol consumption appeared to be beneficial only for females in all super-regions except Africa, both age group categories (65–80 years old and 80+), both age group categories, as well as among all the financial status categories (all p < 0.05). Regional analysis pictured diverse patterns in the association for current and past alcohol drinkers. Our results report the need for specific alcohol intake recommendations among older adults that will help them maintain a better health status throughout the ageing process. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcohol drinking; health status; ageing; older adults; ATHLOS alcohol drinking; health status; ageing; older adults; ATHLOS
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tyrovolas, S.; Panaretos, D.; Daskalopoulou, C.; Gine-Vazquez, I.; Niubo, A.S.; Olaya, B.; Bobak, M.; Prince, M.; Prina, M.; Ayuso-Mateos, J.L.; Caballero, F.F.; Garcia-Esquinas, E.; Holger, A.; Scherbov, S.; Sanderson, W.; Gheno, I.; Koupil, I.; Bickenbach, J.; Chatterji, S.; Koskinen, S.; Raggi, A.; Pajak, A.; Tobiasz-Adamczyk, B.; Haro, J.M.; Panagiotakos, D. Alcohol Drinking and Health in Ageing: A Global Scale Analysis of Older Individual Data through the Harmonised Dataset of ATHLOS. Nutrients 2020, 12, 1746. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061746

AMA Style

Tyrovolas S, Panaretos D, Daskalopoulou C, Gine-Vazquez I, Niubo AS, Olaya B, Bobak M, Prince M, Prina M, Ayuso-Mateos JL, Caballero FF, Garcia-Esquinas E, Holger A, Scherbov S, Sanderson W, Gheno I, Koupil I, Bickenbach J, Chatterji S, Koskinen S, Raggi A, Pajak A, Tobiasz-Adamczyk B, Haro JM, Panagiotakos D. Alcohol Drinking and Health in Ageing: A Global Scale Analysis of Older Individual Data through the Harmonised Dataset of ATHLOS. Nutrients. 2020; 12(6):1746. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061746

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tyrovolas, Stefanos, Dimitris Panaretos, Christina Daskalopoulou, Iago Gine-Vazquez, Albert S. Niubo, Beatriz Olaya, Martin Bobak, Martin Prince, Matthew Prina, Jose L. Ayuso-Mateos, Francisco F. Caballero, Esther Garcia-Esquinas, Arndt Holger, Sergei Scherbov, Warren Sanderson, Ilenia Gheno, Ilona Koupil, Jerome Bickenbach, Somnath Chatterji, Seppo Koskinen, Alberto Raggi, Andrzej Pajak, Beata Tobiasz-Adamczyk, Josep M. Haro, and Demosthenes Panagiotakos. 2020. "Alcohol Drinking and Health in Ageing: A Global Scale Analysis of Older Individual Data through the Harmonised Dataset of ATHLOS" Nutrients 12, no. 6: 1746. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061746

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