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Article

The Comparison of Nutritional Value of Human Milk with Other Mammals’ Milk

1
Department of Commodities and Food Analysis, Faculty of Food Sciences, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, 1 Cieszyński Square, 10-726 Olsztyn, Poland
2
Department of Rehabilitation and Orthopedics, Collegium Medicum, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, 2 Oczapowskiego Street, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland
3
Clinic of Rehabilitation, Provincial Specialist Children’s Hospital in Olsztyn, 18A Żołnierska Street, 10-561 Olsztyn, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(5), 1404; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12051404
Received: 25 April 2020 / Revised: 8 May 2020 / Accepted: 9 May 2020 / Published: 14 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition Methodology & Assessment)
(1) Background: The variation in the concentration of different components found in milk depends on mammalian species, genetic, physiological, nutritional factors, and environmental conditions. Here, we analyse, for the first time, the content of different components (cholesterol concentration and fatty acids composition as well as the overall fat and mineral content determined using the same analytical methods) in milk of different mammal species. (2) Methods: The samples (n = 52) of human, cow, sheep, goat and mare milk were analyzed in triplicate for: cholesterol concentration, fatty acids profile and fat and mineral content (calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, iron, zinc). (3) Results: The highest fat content was reported in sheep milk (7.10 ± 3.21 g/dL). The highest cholesterol concentration was observed in bovine (20.58 ± 4.21 mg/dL) and sheep milk (17.07 ± 1.18 mg/dL). The saturated fatty acids were the lowest in human milk (46.60 ± 7.88% of total fatty acids). Goat milk had the highest zinc (0.69 ± 0.17 mg/dL), magnesium (17.30 ± 2.70 mg/dL) and potassium (183.60 ± 17.20 mg/dL) content. Sheep milk had the highest sodium (52.10 ± 3.20 mg/dL) and calcium (181.70 ± 17.20 mg/dL) concentration values. (4) Conclusions: The differences in nutritional value of milk could be perceived as a milk profile marker, helping to choose the best food for human nutrition. View Full-Text
Keywords: cholesterol; fat; fatty acids; human; mare; cow; sheep; goat; milk; nutrients cholesterol; fat; fatty acids; human; mare; cow; sheep; goat; milk; nutrients
MDPI and ACS Style

Pietrzak-Fiećko, R.; Kamelska-Sadowska, A.M. The Comparison of Nutritional Value of Human Milk with Other Mammals’ Milk. Nutrients 2020, 12, 1404. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12051404

AMA Style

Pietrzak-Fiećko R, Kamelska-Sadowska AM. The Comparison of Nutritional Value of Human Milk with Other Mammals’ Milk. Nutrients. 2020; 12(5):1404. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12051404

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pietrzak-Fiećko, Renata, and Anna M. Kamelska-Sadowska 2020. "The Comparison of Nutritional Value of Human Milk with Other Mammals’ Milk" Nutrients 12, no. 5: 1404. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12051404

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