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Article

Second Version of a Mini-Survey to Evaluate Food Intake Quality (Mini-ECCA v.2): Reproducibility and Ability to Identify Dietary Patterns in University Students

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Bachelor of Nutrition, Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud (CUCS), Universidad de Guadalajara (UdeG), Sierra Mojada 950, Building “N”, Colonia Independencia, Guadalajara, Jalisco, ZC 44340, Mexico
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Doctorate in Traslational Nutritional Sciences, CUCS, UdeG, Juan Díaz Covarrubias and Salvador Quevedo y Zubieta, Building “C”, Colonia Independencia, Guadalajara, Jalisco, ZC 44340, Mexico
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Department of Human Reproduction, Growth and Child Development, CUCS, UdeG, Hospital 320, Colonia El Retiro, Guadalajara, Jalisco, ZC 44100, Mexico
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Translational Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics Institute, CUCS, UdeG, Sierra Mojada 950, Building Q, first floor, Colonia Independencia, Guadalajara, Jalisco, ZC 44340, Mexico
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Mathematics Department, Centro Universitario de Ciencias Exactas e Ingenierías, UdeG, Blvd. Marcelino García Barragán 1421, Guadalajara, Jalisco, ZC 44430, Mexico
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Department of Public Health, CUCS, UdeG, Sierra Mojada 950, Building “N”, Colonia Independencia, Guadalajara, Jalisco, ZC 44340, Mexico
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(3), 809; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12030809
Received: 27 February 2020 / Revised: 11 March 2020 / Accepted: 17 March 2020 / Published: 19 March 2020
Evaluation of food intake quality using validated tools makes it possible to give individuals or populations recommendations for improving their diet. This study’s objective was to evaluate the reproducibility and ability to identify dietary patterns of the second version of the Mini Food Intake Quality Survey (Mini-ECCA v.2). The survey was administered using a remote voting system on two occasions with four-week intervals between administrations to 276 health science students (average age = 20.1 ± 3.1 years; 68% women). We then performed a per-question weighted kappa calculation, a cluster analysis, an ANOVA test by questionnaire item and between identified clusters, and a discriminant analysis. Moderate to excellent agreement was observed (weighted κ = 0.422–0.662). The cluster analysis identified three groups, and the discriminant analysis obtained three classification functions (85.9% of cases were correctly classified): group 1 (19.9%) was characterized by higher intake of water, vegetables, fruit, fats, oilseeds/avocado, meat and legumes (healthy food intake); group 2 (47.1%) frequently consumed both fish and unhealthy fats (habits in need of improvement); group 3 (33%) frequently consumed sweetened beverages, foods not prepared at home, processed foods, refined cereals and alcohol (unhealthy food intake). In conclusion, the Mini-ECCA v.2 has moderate to excellent agreement, and it is able to identify dietary patterns in university students. View Full-Text
Keywords: diet patterns; food intake quality; reproducibility; eating behavior; food assessment; diet; undergraduate health students diet patterns; food intake quality; reproducibility; eating behavior; food assessment; diet; undergraduate health students
MDPI and ACS Style

Bernal-Orozco, M.F.; Salmeron-Curiel, P.B.; Prado-Arriaga, R.J.; Orozco-Gutiérrez, J.F.; Badillo-Camacho, N.; Márquez-Sandoval, F.; Altamirano-Martínez, M.B.; González-Gómez, M.; Gutiérrez-González, P.; Vizmanos, B.; Macedo-Ojeda, G. Second Version of a Mini-Survey to Evaluate Food Intake Quality (Mini-ECCA v.2): Reproducibility and Ability to Identify Dietary Patterns in University Students. Nutrients 2020, 12, 809. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12030809

AMA Style

Bernal-Orozco MF, Salmeron-Curiel PB, Prado-Arriaga RJ, Orozco-Gutiérrez JF, Badillo-Camacho N, Márquez-Sandoval F, Altamirano-Martínez MB, González-Gómez M, Gutiérrez-González P, Vizmanos B, Macedo-Ojeda G. Second Version of a Mini-Survey to Evaluate Food Intake Quality (Mini-ECCA v.2): Reproducibility and Ability to Identify Dietary Patterns in University Students. Nutrients. 2020; 12(3):809. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12030809

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bernal-Orozco, María F.; Salmeron-Curiel, Patricia B.; Prado-Arriaga, Ruth J.; Orozco-Gutiérrez, Jaime F.; Badillo-Camacho, Nayeli; Márquez-Sandoval, Fabiola; Altamirano-Martínez, Martha B.; González-Gómez, Montserrat; Gutiérrez-González, Porfirio; Vizmanos, Barbara; Macedo-Ojeda, Gabriela. 2020. "Second Version of a Mini-Survey to Evaluate Food Intake Quality (Mini-ECCA v.2): Reproducibility and Ability to Identify Dietary Patterns in University Students" Nutrients 12, no. 3: 809. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12030809

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