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Open AccessReview

Characterisation of Extracts and Anti-Cancer Activities of Fomitopsis pinicola

Discipline of Nutrition and Dietetics/Auckland Cancer Society Research Centre, School of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, 85 Park Road, Grafton, Auckland 1023, New Zealand
Nutrients 2020, 12(3), 609; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12030609
Received: 23 January 2020 / Revised: 18 February 2020 / Accepted: 24 February 2020 / Published: 26 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Application of Mushrooms or Mushroom Extracts to Enhance Health)
Fomitopsis pinicola (Sw. Karst) is a common bracket fungus, with a woody texture. It is found predominantly in coniferous forests in temperate regions throughout Europe and Asia. Fomitopsis pinicola has been extensively used for medicinal purposes, particularly in Chinese and Korean traditional medicine. In this mini-review, the anti-cancer characteristics of F. pinicola extracts were investigated. In vitro experiments revealed the pro-apoptotic, anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of extracts, whilst two of three in vivo studies reported an inhibition of tumour growth and prolonged survival. Only studies wherein fungal specimens were sourced from Europe or Asia were included in this review, as samples sourced as F. pinicola from North America were probably not F. pinicola, but a different species. Although not one of the most revered fungal species, F. pinicola has been used as a medicinal fungus for centuries, as well as consumed as a health food supplement. To date, the results from only three in vivo studies, investigating anti-cancer properties, have been published. Further studies, using comprehensively identified specimens, are required to fully elucidate the anti-cancer properties of F. pinicola extracts. View Full-Text
Keywords: anti-cancer properties; extracts; Fomitopsis pinicola; location; medicinal history; sequence identification; taxonomy anti-cancer properties; extracts; Fomitopsis pinicola; location; medicinal history; sequence identification; taxonomy
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Bishop, K.S. Characterisation of Extracts and Anti-Cancer Activities of Fomitopsis pinicola. Nutrients 2020, 12, 609.

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