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Open AccessArticle

The Effect of Mushroom Extracts on Human Platelet and Blood Coagulation: In vitro Screening of Eight Edible Species

1
Department of Environmental Medicine, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 60-806 Poznan, Poland
2
Department of Vegetable Crops, Poznan University of Life Sciences, 60-594 Poznan, Poland
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Department of Industrial Microbiology, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University in Lublin, 20-033 Lublin, Poland
4
Department of Genetics and Microbiology, Institute of Biological Sciences, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, 20-033 Lublin, Poland
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1st Department of Cardiology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 61-848 Poznan, Poland
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Department of Chemistry, Poznan University of Life Sciences, 60-625 Poznań, Poland
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Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Adam Mickiewicz University, 61-614 Poznań, Poland
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Department of Perinatology and Gynecology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 60-535 Poznan, Poland
9
Department of Biology, Universidad del Valle, 100-00 Cali, Colombia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(12), 3040; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11123040
Received: 30 October 2019 / Revised: 29 November 2019 / Accepted: 10 December 2019 / Published: 12 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Application of Mushrooms or Mushroom Extracts to Enhance Health)
Cardiovascular diseases remain the leading global cause of mortality indicating the need to identify all possible factors reducing primary and secondary risk. This study screened the in vitro antiplatelet and anticoagulant activities of hot water extracts of eight edible mushroom species (Agaricus bisporus, Auricularia auricularia-judae, Coprinus comatus, Ganoderma lucidum, Hericium erinaceus, Lentinula edodes, Pleurotus eryngii, and Pleurotus ostreatus) increasingly cultivated for human consumption, and compared them to those evoked by acetylsalicylic acid (ASA). The antioxidant capacity and concentration of polysaccharides, phenolic compounds, organic acids, ergosterol, macro elements, and trace elements were also characterized. The most promising antiplatelet effect was exhibited by A. auricularia-judae and P. eryngii extracts as demonstrated by the highest rate of inhibition of adenosine-5′-diphosphate (ADP)-induced and arachidonic acid (AA)-induced aggregation. The response to both extracts exceeded the one evoked by 140 µmol/L of ASA in the ADP test and was comparable to it in the case of the AA test. Such a dual effect was also observed for G. lucidum extract, even though it was proven to be cytotoxic in platelets and leukocytes. The extract of P. ostreatus revealed an additive effect on AA-induced platelet aggregation. None of the mushroom extracts altered the monitored coagulation parameters (prothrombin time, prothrombin ratio, and International Normalized Ratio). The effect of mushroom extracts on platelet function was positively related to their antioxidative properties and concentration of polysaccharides and ergosterol, and inversely related to zinc concentration. The study suggests that selected mushrooms may exert favorable antiplatelet effects, highlighting the need for further experimental and clinical research in this regard. View Full-Text
Keywords: mushrooms; platelet; natural antiplatelet agents; thrombosis; cardiovascular disease mushrooms; platelet; natural antiplatelet agents; thrombosis; cardiovascular disease
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Poniedziałek, B.; Siwulski, M.; Wiater, A.; Komaniecka, I.; Komosa, A.; Gąsecka, M.; Magdziak, Z.; Mleczek, M.; Niedzielski, P.; Proch, J.; Ropacka-Lesiak, M.; Lesiak, M.; Henao, E.; Rzymski, P. The Effect of Mushroom Extracts on Human Platelet and Blood Coagulation: In vitro Screening of Eight Edible Species. Nutrients 2019, 11, 3040.

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