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Open AccessArticle

Self-Reported Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Nutrition and Physical Activity Behaviour in Dutch Older Adults Living Independently

Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Science, Amsterdsam Public Health Research Institute, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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Nutrients 2020, 12(12), 3708; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123708
Received: 13 November 2020 / Revised: 24 November 2020 / Accepted: 28 November 2020 / Published: 30 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Malnutrition in Older Adults and COVID-19)
The aim was to explore the self-reported impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on nutrition and physical activity behaviour in Dutch older adults and to identify subgroups most susceptible to this impact. Participants (N = 1119, aged 62–98 y, 52.8% female) of the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam living independently completed a COVID-19 questionnaire. Questions on diagnosis, quarantine and hospitalization were asked, as well as impact of the pandemic on ten nutrition and physical activity behaviours. Associations of pre-COVID-19 assessed characteristics (age, sex, region, household composition, self-rated health, BMI, physical activity, functional limitations) with reported impact were tested using logistic regression analyses. About half of the sample (48.3–54.3%) reported a decrease in physical activity and exercise due to the pandemic. An impact on nutritional behaviour predisposing to overnutrition (e.g., snacking more) was reported by 20.3–32.4%. In contrast, 6.9–15.1% reported an impact on behaviour predisposing to undernutrition (e.g., skipping warm meals). Those who had been in quarantine (n = 123) more often reported a negative impact. Subgroups with higher risk of impact could be identified. This study shows a negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on nutrition and physical activity behaviour of many older adults, which may increase their risk of malnutrition, frailty, sarcopenia and disability. View Full-Text
Keywords: coronavirus; malnutrition; undernutrition; obesity; physical activity; exercise; aged; quarantine; risk factors coronavirus; malnutrition; undernutrition; obesity; physical activity; exercise; aged; quarantine; risk factors
MDPI and ACS Style

Visser, M.; Schaap, L.A.; Wijnhoven, H.A.H. Self-Reported Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Nutrition and Physical Activity Behaviour in Dutch Older Adults Living Independently. Nutrients 2020, 12, 3708. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123708

AMA Style

Visser M, Schaap LA, Wijnhoven HAH. Self-Reported Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Nutrition and Physical Activity Behaviour in Dutch Older Adults Living Independently. Nutrients. 2020; 12(12):3708. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123708

Chicago/Turabian Style

Visser, Marjolein; Schaap, Laura A.; Wijnhoven, Hanneke A.H. 2020. "Self-Reported Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Nutrition and Physical Activity Behaviour in Dutch Older Adults Living Independently" Nutrients 12, no. 12: 3708. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123708

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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