Next Article in Journal
Point-of-Decision Prompts Increase Dietary Fiber Content of Consumers’ Food Choices in an Online Grocery Shopping Simulation
Next Article in Special Issue
The EnergyKids Pilot Study: Comparing Energy Balance of Primary School Children during School and Summer Camp
Previous Article in Journal
Caffeoylquinic Acids in Centella asiatica Reverse Cognitive Deficits in Male 5XFAD Alzheimer’s Disease Model Mice
Previous Article in Special Issue
Impact of Physical Activity Practice and Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in Relation to Multiple Intelligences among University Students
Article

Food Habits and Screen Time Play a Major Role in the Low Health Related to Quality of Life of Ethnic Ascendant Schoolchildren

1
Department of Physical Education, Sport and Recreation, Faculty of Education, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco 478000, Chile
2
Physical Education Pedagogy, Faculty of Education, Universidad Católica de Temuco, Temuco 478000, Chile
3
Faculty of Chemical-Biological Sciences, Universidad Autónoma de Guerrero, Guerrero 39087, Mexico
4
Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Universidad Andres Bello, Santiago 7591538, Chile
5
Quality of Life and Wellness Research Group API4, Laboratory of Human Performance, Department of Physical Activity Sciences, Universidad de Los Lagos, Osorno 5290000, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(11), 3489; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113489
Received: 14 October 2020 / Revised: 3 November 2020 / Accepted: 6 November 2020 / Published: 13 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diet Quality, Physical Activity, and Fitness in Young Populations)
The objective of the present study was to determine the association between lifestyle parameters (i.e., physical activity (PA) level, screen time (ST), fitness and food habits) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in ethnic ascendant schoolchildren (i.e., Mapuche ascendant). This cross-sectional study included 619 schoolchildren with ethnic (EA; n = 234, 11.6 ± 1.0 years) and non-ethnicity ascendant (NEA; n = 383, 11.7 ± 1.1 years) from Araucanía, Chile. HRQoL and lifestyle were measured using a standard questionnaire and cardiometabolic markers (body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WtHR), systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP)) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) were additionally included. In the EA schoolchildren, the HRQoL reported association with CRF adjusted by age and sex (β; 0.12, p = 0.018) and non-adjusted with foods habits (β; 0.11, p = 0.034). By contrast, ST adjusted by age and sex presented an inverse association with HRQoL (β; −2.70, p < 0.001). EA schoolchildren showed low HRQoL (p = 0.002), low nutritional level (p = 0.002) and low CRF (p < 0.001) than NEA peers. Moreover, children’s ethnic presence showed an association with low nutritional levels (odd ratio (OR): 3.28, p = 0.002) and ST 5 h/day (OR: 5.34, p = 0.003). In conclusion, in the present study, EA schoolchildren reported lower HRQoL than NEA schoolchildren, which could be explained by the lifestyle patterns such as a low nutritional level and more ST exposure. View Full-Text
Keywords: quality of life; Mediterranean diet; physical activity; screen time; schoolchildren quality of life; Mediterranean diet; physical activity; screen time; schoolchildren
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Delgado-Floody, P.; Caamaño-Navarrete, F.; Guzmán-Guzmán, I.P.; Jerez-Mayorga, D.; Martínez-Salazar, C.; Álvarez, C. Food Habits and Screen Time Play a Major Role in the Low Health Related to Quality of Life of Ethnic Ascendant Schoolchildren. Nutrients 2020, 12, 3489. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113489

AMA Style

Delgado-Floody P, Caamaño-Navarrete F, Guzmán-Guzmán IP, Jerez-Mayorga D, Martínez-Salazar C, Álvarez C. Food Habits and Screen Time Play a Major Role in the Low Health Related to Quality of Life of Ethnic Ascendant Schoolchildren. Nutrients. 2020; 12(11):3489. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113489

Chicago/Turabian Style

Delgado-Floody, Pedro, Felipe Caamaño-Navarrete, Iris P. Guzmán-Guzmán, Daniel Jerez-Mayorga, Cristian Martínez-Salazar, and Cristian Álvarez. 2020. "Food Habits and Screen Time Play a Major Role in the Low Health Related to Quality of Life of Ethnic Ascendant Schoolchildren" Nutrients 12, no. 11: 3489. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113489

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop