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Article

Contribution of Major Groups of Food Products to the Daily Intake of Selected Elements—Results from Analytical Determinations Supported by Chemometric Analysis

1
Department of Food and Nutrition, Medical University of Lublin, 4a Chodźki Str., 20-093 Lublin, Poland
2
Department of Clinical Genetics, Medical University of Lublin, Radziwiłłowska 11 Str., 20-080 Lublin, Poland
3
Institute of Agrophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Doświadczalna 4 Str., 20-290 Lublin, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(11), 3412; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113412
Received: 19 October 2020 / Revised: 3 November 2020 / Accepted: 4 November 2020 / Published: 6 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Zinc and Copper Levels in the Body and Human Health)
Food is a major source of minerals for humans. The main objective of this study was to determine the intake level of 10 essential macro- (Na, K, Ca, and Mg) and trace elements (Cu, Zn, Mn, Fe, Cr, and Se) with major food groups among young adults. Dietary intake of elements was evaluated using the 24-h dietary recall technique in combination with F-AAS and ICP-OES methods. A very high intake of sodium and a very low intake of calcium, combined with inappropriate sodium/potassium ratio, may be harmful to the health of the population. Dietary intake of trace elements was within the range of reference values in the subjects, with cereals being the major source of a majority of those elements, while meat (38% for Na), vegetables (25% for K), and milk products (75% for Ca) were the main contributors to the daily dietary intake of macroelements. PCA revealed several visible trends in the datasetAmong men, the intake of Zn, Cr Na and K was significantly correlated with the consumption of meat and vegetables, whereas Mg, Se, Fe and Cu with cereals and water and beverages. Among women, the intake of Mg was significantly correlated with the consumption of meat and vegetables. View Full-Text
Keywords: food; dietary intake; elements; F-AAS; ICP-OES food; dietary intake; elements; F-AAS; ICP-OES
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MDPI and ACS Style

Koch, W.; Czop, M.; Nawrocka, A.; Wiącek, D. Contribution of Major Groups of Food Products to the Daily Intake of Selected Elements—Results from Analytical Determinations Supported by Chemometric Analysis. Nutrients 2020, 12, 3412. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113412

AMA Style

Koch W, Czop M, Nawrocka A, Wiącek D. Contribution of Major Groups of Food Products to the Daily Intake of Selected Elements—Results from Analytical Determinations Supported by Chemometric Analysis. Nutrients. 2020; 12(11):3412. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113412

Chicago/Turabian Style

Koch, Wojciech, Marcin Czop, Agnieszka Nawrocka, and Dariusz Wiącek. 2020. "Contribution of Major Groups of Food Products to the Daily Intake of Selected Elements—Results from Analytical Determinations Supported by Chemometric Analysis" Nutrients 12, no. 11: 3412. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113412

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