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Open AccessArticle

Physical Education Classes as a Precursor to the Mediterranean Diet and the Practice of Physical Activity

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Department of Psychology, Hum-878 Research Team, Health Research Centre, University of Almeria, 04120 Almeria, Spain
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Department of Psychology, University of Burgos, 09001 Burgos, Spain
3
Department of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Medicine, Health Research Centre, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(1), 239; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12010239 (registering DOI)
Received: 22 November 2019 / Revised: 27 December 2019 / Accepted: 14 January 2020 / Published: 16 January 2020
Physical activity and a healthy, balanced diet are remaining unresolved issues among young people. According to the World Health Organization, young people do not get enough exercise during the week, and physical education classes are the best way to promote healthy habits. This study aims to analyze how the role of the teacher influences the frustration of psychological needs, coping strategies, motivation, and the adoption of healthy eating habits through the Mediterranean diet and the regular practice of physical activity. The study involved 1031 boys and 910 girls between the ages of 13 and 18. To explain the relationships between the different variables included in this study, a model of structural equations has been developed. The results showed that autonomy support negatively predicted the frustration of four psychological needs. The failure to meet four psychological needs negatively predicted resilience. Likewise, resilience positively predicted autonomous motivation, and this positively predicted the Mediterranean diet and the practice of physical activity. Thus, the results obtained in the present study are in line with those of various studies wherein physical education classes were seen to help consolidate healthy living habits. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescence; mediterranean diet; physical activity; physical education; resilience; motivation adolescence; mediterranean diet; physical activity; physical education; resilience; motivation
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Trigueros, R.; Mínguez, L.A.; González-Bernal, J.J.; Aguilar-Parra, J.M.; Soto-Cámara, R.; Álvarez, J.F.; Rocamora, P. Physical Education Classes as a Precursor to the Mediterranean Diet and the Practice of Physical Activity. Nutrients 2020, 12, 239.

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