Next Article in Journal
Allium porrum Extract Decreases Effector Cell Degranulation and Modulates Airway Epithelial Cell Function
Next Article in Special Issue
Lean Women on Metformin and Oral Contraceptives for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Demonstrate a Dehydrated Osteosarcopenic Phenotype: A Pilot Study
Previous Article in Journal
Nutrient Intakes from Meals and Snacks Differ with Age in Middle-Aged and Older Americans
Previous Article in Special Issue
Role of Calcium and Low-Fat Dairy Foods in Weight-Loss Outcomes Revisited: Results from the Randomized Trial of Effects on Bone and Body Composition in Overweight/Obese Postmenopausal Women
Open AccessReview

Prevention and Treatment of Sarcopenic Obesity in Women

1
Unit of Metabolic Diseases and Clinical Dietetics, Sant’Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, “Alma Mater” University, via G. Massarenti 9, 40138 Bologna, Italy
2
Department of Eating and Weight Disorders, Villa Garda Hospital, via Monte Baldo 89, 37016 Garda (VR), Italy
3
Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, via G.C. Pupilli 1, 40136 Bologna, Italy
4
Department of Radiology, Auckland City Hospital, Park Road, Grafton, 1023 Auckland, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(6), 1302; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11061302
Received: 10 April 2019 / Revised: 30 May 2019 / Accepted: 4 June 2019 / Published: 8 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutritional Challenges in Women From Mid- to Older Age)
Sarcopenic obesity (SO) is referred to as the combination of obesity with low skeletal muscle mass and function. However, its definition and diagnosis is debated. SO represents a sizable risk factor for the development of disability, possibly with a worse prognosis in women. The present narrative review summarizes the current evidence on pharmacological, nutrition and exercise strategies on the prevention and/or treatment of SO in middle-aged and older-aged women. A literature search was carried out in Medline and Google Scholar between 29th January and 14th March 2019. Only controlled intervention studies on mid-age and older women whose focus was on the prevention and/or treatment of sarcopenia associated with obesity were included. Resistance training (RT) appears effective in the prevention of all components of SO in women, resulting in significant improvements in muscular mass, strength, and functional capacity plus loss of fat mass, especially when coupled with hypocaloric diets containing at least 0.8 g/kg body weight protein. Correction of vitamin D deficit has a favorable effect on muscle mass. Treatment of SO already established is yet unsatisfactory, although intense and prolonged RT, diets with higher (1.2 g/kg body weight) protein content, and soy isoflavones all look promising. However, further confirmatory research and trials combining different approaches are required. View Full-Text
Keywords: sarcopenic obesity; aging; hormone replacement treatment; phytoestrogens; nutrition; exercise; physical therapy; body composition sarcopenic obesity; aging; hormone replacement treatment; phytoestrogens; nutrition; exercise; physical therapy; body composition
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Petroni, M.L.; Caletti, M.T.; Dalle Grave, R.; Bazzocchi, A.; Aparisi Gómez, M.P.; Marchesini, G. Prevention and Treatment of Sarcopenic Obesity in Women. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1302.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop