The Role of Autophagy in Liver Epithelial Cells and Its Impact on Systemic Homeostasis
AbstractAutophagy plays a role in several physiological and pathological processes as it controls the turnover rate of cellular components and influences cellular homeostasis. The liver plays a central role in controlling organisms’ metabolism, regulating glucose storage, plasma proteins and bile synthesis and the removal of toxic substances. Liver functions are particularly sensitive to autophagy modulation. In this review we summarize studies investigating how autophagy influences the hepatic metabolism, focusing on fat accumulation and lipids turnover. We also describe how autophagy affects bile production and the scavenger function within the complex homeostasis of the liver. We underline the role of hepatic autophagy in counteracting the metabolic syndrome and the associated cardiovascular risk. Finally, we highlight recent reports demonstrating how the autophagy occurring within the liver may affect skeletal muscle homeostasis as well as different extrahepatic solid tumors, such as melanoma. View Full-Text
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Tomaipitinca, L.; Mandatori, S.; Mancinelli, R.; Giulitti, F.; Petrungaro, S.; Moresi, V.; Facchiano, A.; Ziparo, E.; Gaudio, E.; Giampietri, C. The Role of Autophagy in Liver Epithelial Cells and Its Impact on Systemic Homeostasis. Nutrients 2019, 11, 827.
Tomaipitinca L, Mandatori S, Mancinelli R, Giulitti F, Petrungaro S, Moresi V, Facchiano A, Ziparo E, Gaudio E, Giampietri C. The Role of Autophagy in Liver Epithelial Cells and Its Impact on Systemic Homeostasis. Nutrients. 2019; 11(4):827.Chicago/Turabian Style
Tomaipitinca, Luana; Mandatori, Sara; Mancinelli, Romina; Giulitti, Federico; Petrungaro, Simonetta; Moresi, Viviana; Facchiano, Antonio; Ziparo, Elio; Gaudio, Eugenio; Giampietri, Claudia. 2019. "The Role of Autophagy in Liver Epithelial Cells and Its Impact on Systemic Homeostasis." Nutrients 11, no. 4: 827.
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