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Differences and Similarities between Front-of-Pack Nutrition Labels in Europe: A Comparison of Functional and Visual Aspects

1
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, VU Medical Centre, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
2
Choices International Foundation, PO Box 10218, 2501 HE The Hague, The Netherlands
3
Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, SE-405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(3), 626; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11030626
Received: 24 February 2019 / Revised: 8 March 2019 / Accepted: 8 March 2019 / Published: 14 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Front-of-Pack Nutrition Label and Public Health)
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Abstract

Many different front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition labels have been introduced worldwide. To continue the debate on the most effective FOP labels for increased consumer health, full comprehension of their visual and functional features is relevant. This paper compares and provides an overview of all FOP labels currently in practice or in preparation in Europe, by means of the visually oriented Funnel Model. The Funnel Models were completed in collaboration with the respective FOP labelling initiatives. In total, six positive FOP labels, two mixed FOP labels and one negative FOP label were compared. There are multiple similarities and differences between the FOP labels, with each FOP label being characterised by a unique set of criteria and methodological approach. This Funnel Model comparison provides the knowledge to ultimately find more common ground for all stakeholders involved in the FOP labelling debate. Importantly, implementation and evaluation activities carried out by FOP labelling organisations are crucial success factors for FOP labels in practice. We conclude that more attention should be paid to methodological differences between FOP labels and recommend that the current comparison is expanded to a global level and periodically updated, as the variety of FOP labels in the global marketplace is changing constantly. View Full-Text
Keywords: front-of-pack nutrition label; nutrient profiling; comparison; methodological approach; funnel model front-of-pack nutrition label; nutrient profiling; comparison; methodological approach; funnel model
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van der Bend, D.L.M.; Lissner, L. Differences and Similarities between Front-of-Pack Nutrition Labels in Europe: A Comparison of Functional and Visual Aspects. Nutrients 2019, 11, 626.

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