Next Article in Journal
Combined Supplementation with Glycine and Tryptophan Reduces Purine-Induced Serum Uric Acid Elevation by Accelerating Urinary Uric Acid Excretion: A Randomized, Single-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Crossover Study
Previous Article in Journal
The Association between Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) and Cancer Risk in Korea: A Prospective Cohort Study within the KoGES-HEXA Study
Previous Article in Special Issue
Acceptance and Impact of Millet-Based Mid-Day Meal on the Nutritional Status of Adolescent School Going Children in a Peri Urban Region of Karnataka State in India
Open AccessArticle

Development of a Food-Based Diet Quality Score from a Short FFQ and Associations with Obesity Measures, Eating Styles and Nutrient Intakes in Finnish Twins

1
Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, PO Box 20, Tukholmankatu 8B, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
2
Obesity Research Unit, Research Program for Clinical and Molecular Metabolism, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, PO Box 63, Haartmaninkatu 8, 00290 Helsinki, Finland
3
Obesity Centre, Abdominal Centre, Endocrinology, Helsinki University Central Hospital and University of Helsinki, PO Box 340, Haartmaninkatu 4, 00290 Helsinki, Finland
4
Faculty of Sport and Health Science, University of Jyväskylä, PO Box 35, Seminaarinkatu 15, 40014 Jyväskylä, Finland
5
Department of Medicine, Central Finland Health Care District, Keskussairaalantie 19, 40620 Jyväskylä, Finland
6
School of Business and Services Management, JAMK University of Applied Sciences, PO Box 207, Rajakatu 35, 40101 Jyväskylä, Finland
7
Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland (FIMM), University of Helsinki, PO Box 20, Tukholmankatu 8, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
8
Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology—BIPS, Achterstraße 30, 28359 Bremen, Germany
9
Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, Kinderspitalgasse 15, 1090 Vienna, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(11), 2561; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11112561
Received: 9 September 2019 / Revised: 3 October 2019 / Accepted: 16 October 2019 / Published: 23 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Dietary Intake for Anthropometry and Body Mass Index)
We constructed a food-based diet quality score (DQS) and examined its association with obesity measures, eating styles and nutrient intakes. Participants were 3592 individuals (764 dizygotic [DZ] and 430 monozygotic [MZ] twin pairs) from the FinnTwin16 study. The DQS (0–12 points) was constructed from a short 14 item food frequency questionnaire. Anthropometric measures and eating styles were self-reported. Nutrient intakes were calculated from food diaries completed in a subsample of 249 individuals (45 same-sex DZ and 60 MZ twin pairs). Twins were analyzed both as individuals and as twin pairs. The DQS was inversely associated with body mass index (β = −0.12, per one-unit increase in DQS, p < 0.001), waist circumference (β = −0.34, p < 0.001), obesity (odds ratio [OR]: 0.95, p = 0.004) and abdominal obesity (OR: 0.88, p < 0.001), independent of sex, age, physical activity and education. A higher DQS was associated with health-conscious eating, having breakfast, less snacking, fewer evening meals, and a higher frequency and regularity of eating. The DQS was positively correlated with the intakes of protein, fiber and magnesium and negatively correlated with the intakes of total fat, saturated fat and sucrose. Within twin pairs, most of the associations between the DQS with eating styles and some nutrients remained, but the DQS was not associated with obesity measures within twin pairs. The DQS is an easy-to-use tool for ranking adults according to diet quality and shows an association with obesity measures, eating styles and key nutrients in the expected direction. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; eating behaviors; diet quality score; nutrient intake; twins; short FFQ; BMI; waist obesity; eating behaviors; diet quality score; nutrient intake; twins; short FFQ; BMI; waist
MDPI and ACS Style

Masip, G.; Keski-Rahkonen, A.; Pietiläinen, K.H.; Kujala, U.M.; Rottensteiner, M.; Väisänen, K.; Kaprio, J.; Bogl, L.H. Development of a Food-Based Diet Quality Score from a Short FFQ and Associations with Obesity Measures, Eating Styles and Nutrient Intakes in Finnish Twins. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2561.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop