Next Article in Journal
Maternal Low-Fat Diet Programs the Hepatic Epigenome despite Exposure to an Obesogenic Postnatal Diet
Next Article in Special Issue
Development of a Food-Based Diet Quality Score from a Short FFQ and Associations with Obesity Measures, Eating Styles and Nutrient Intakes in Finnish Twins
Previous Article in Journal
Establishment of the Variation of Vitamin K Status According to Vkorc1 Point Mutations Using Rat Models
Open AccessArticle

Acceptance and Impact of Millet-Based Mid-Day Meal on the Nutritional Status of Adolescent School Going Children in a Peri Urban Region of Karnataka State in India

1
International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Hyderabad 502324, India
2
ICRISAT, Lilongwe 1096, Malawi
3
Organization for Advanced and Integrated Research, Kobe University, Kobe 650-0047, Japan
4
Akshaya Patra Foundation, Bangalore, Karnataka 560022, India
5
United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), Lilongwe 30375, Malawi
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(9), 2077; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11092077
Received: 7 July 2019 / Revised: 25 August 2019 / Accepted: 26 August 2019 / Published: 3 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Dietary Intake for Anthropometry and Body Mass Index)
The study assessed the potential for use of millets in mid-day school meal programs for better nutritional outcomes of children in a peri-urban region of Karnataka, India, where children conventionally consumed a fortified rice-based mid-day meal. For a three-month period, millet-based mid-day meals were fed to 1500 adolescent children at two schools, of which 136 were studied as the intervention group and were compared with 107 other children in two other schools that did not receive the intervention. The intervention design was equivalent to the parallel group, two-arm, superiority trial with a 1:1 allocation ratio. The end line allocation ratio was 1.27:1 due to attrition. It was found that there was statistically significant improvement in stunting (p = 0.000) and the body mass index (p = 0.003) in the intervention group and not in the control group (p = 0.351 and p = 0.511, respectively). The sensory evaluation revealed that all the millet-based menu items had high acceptability, with the highest scores for the following three items: finger millet idli, a steam cooked fermented savory cake; little and pearl millet bisi belle bath, a millet-lentil hot meal; and upma, a pearl and little millet-vegetable meal. These results suggest significant potential for millets to replace or supplement rice in school feeding programs for improved nutritional outcomes of children. View Full-Text
Keywords: school feeding program; mid-day meal; millets; sensory evaluation; undernutrition school feeding program; mid-day meal; millets; sensory evaluation; undernutrition
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Anitha, S.; Kane-Potaka, J.; Tsusaka, T.W.; Tripathi, D.; Upadhyay, S.; Kavishwar, A.; Jalagam, A.; Sharma, N.; Nedumaran, S. Acceptance and Impact of Millet-Based Mid-Day Meal on the Nutritional Status of Adolescent School Going Children in a Peri Urban Region of Karnataka State in India. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2077.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop