Previous studies have shown that habitual physical activity improves postprandial appetite regulation. We evaluated the direct association between physical activity level (PAL) and postprandial appetite regulation, and the effect of day-to-day variations in PAL on improving postprandial appetite regulation in lean young males. Fourteen young male adults wore a triaxial accelerometer for at least 6 consecutive days to evaluate their PAL. Two random liquid preload tests were performed on separate days to evaluate the competence of postprandial appetite regulation. In the preload test, participants ate sandwiches ad libitum 75 min after drinking one of two liquids containing different energy densities. When a participant had an adequate regulation of their postprandial appetite, the difference in energy intake from sandwiches was expected to be close to the energy gap between both liquids. Average daily PAL (r
= −0.558, p
< 0.05), but not the SD of PAL, which is indicative of the day-to-day variations in PAL (r
= −0.437, p
> 0.1), correlated with the difference in energy intake from the sandwiches. In addition, higher average PAL was closer to the energy gap between the two liquids. These results suggest that average daily PAL, rather than day-to-day variations in PAL, predicts inter-individual variation in postprandial appetite regulation, at least for lean young males.
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