Next Article in Journal
Short-Term Effects of the Serious Game “Fit, Food, Fun” on Nutritional Knowledge: A Pilot Study among Children and Adolescents
Next Article in Special Issue
Association of Day-to-Day Variations in Physical Activity with Postprandial Appetite Regulation in Lean Young Males
Previous Article in Journal
The Influence of Early Nutrition on Brain Growth and Neurodevelopment in Extremely Preterm Babies: A Narrative Review
Previous Article in Special Issue
How Satiating Are the ‘Satiety’ Peptides: A Problem of Pharmacology versus Physiology in the Development of Novel Foods for Regulation of Food Intake
Open AccessArticle

Evaluation of the Influence of Raw Almonds on Appetite Control: Satiation, Satiety, Hedonics and Consumer Perceptions

1
Appetite Control and Energy Balance Research, School of Psychology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
2
School of Social and Health Sciences, Leeds Trinity University, LS18 5HD, Leeds LS18 5HD, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sophie Hollingworth and Michelle Dalton are joint first authorship.
Nutrients 2019, 11(9), 2030; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11092030
Received: 25 July 2019 / Revised: 19 August 2019 / Accepted: 27 August 2019 / Published: 30 August 2019
Snack foods can be substantial contributors to daily energy intake, with different types of snacks exerting potentially different effects on satiety per calorie consumed. The present research compared the effect of consuming almonds as a mid-morning snack compared to an energy and weight-matched comparator snack (savoury crackers) or the equivalent weight of water (zero energy control). In a crossover design, 42 female participants (age: 26.0 ± 7.9, BMI: 22.0 ± 2.0) consumed a fixed breakfast then a mid-morning snack. Appetite, 24-h energy intake, food hedonics, and consumer perceptions of the snack foods were assessed under laboratory conditions. AUC analyses revealed a lower overall hunger drive after consuming almonds compared to crackers or water. There was no difference in 24-h energy intake in the almond compared to the cracker or the zero-energy control condition, however participants consumed more energy in the cracker condition compared to the zero-energy control condition. In addition, almonds suppressed hedonic preference (implicit wanting) for consuming high-fat foods and demonstrated a higher satiety quotient (SQ) than crackers. Almonds were perceived to have a more favourable consumer profile aligned with successful weight management. In conclusion, these findings demonstrate that in the context of a 24-h period of objectively measured energy intake, raw almonds are effective for controlling appetite compared to an energy matched alternative snack. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov [NCT02480582]. View Full-Text
Keywords: almonds; snack; appetite; satiety; energy intake almonds; snack; appetite; satiety; energy intake
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Hollingworth, S.; Dalton, M.; Blundell, J.E.; Finlayson, G. Evaluation of the Influence of Raw Almonds on Appetite Control: Satiation, Satiety, Hedonics and Consumer Perceptions. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2030.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop