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Open AccessReview

Energy and Nutrient Issues in Athletes with Spinal Cord Injury: Are They at Risk for Low Energy Availability?

1
Central Washington University, Ellensburg, WA 98926, USA
2
United States Olympic Committee, Chula Vista, CA 91915, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(8), 1078; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10081078
Received: 8 June 2018 / Revised: 31 July 2018 / Accepted: 6 August 2018 / Published: 13 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Eating Disorders and Obesity: The Challenge for Our Times)
Low energy availability (LEA) and nutrient intake have been well studied in able-bodied athletes, but there is a lack of research examining these issues amongst athletes with spinal cord injury (SCI). To date, there have been no studies that have examined energy availability (EA) amongst this population. Furthermore, athletes with SCI may experience unique challenges around nutrition that may increase their risk of LEA. This review will evaluate the literature and assess whether this population is at risk for LEA. Due to the limited research on this topic, sedentary individuals with SCI and para athletes were also included in this review. Review of the current literature suggests that athletes with SCI may be at an increased risk for LEA. While research examining EA and risk of LEA in athletes with SCI is lacking, the number of athletes with SCI continues to increase; therefore, further research is warranted to assess nutrient and energy needs and their risk to this population. View Full-Text
Keywords: spinal cord injury; athlete; energy availability; nutrient deficiency; low energy availability; bone mineral density; para athlete; menstrual dysfunction; Female Athlete Triad; Relative Energy Deficiency in Sports (RED-S) spinal cord injury; athlete; energy availability; nutrient deficiency; low energy availability; bone mineral density; para athlete; menstrual dysfunction; Female Athlete Triad; Relative Energy Deficiency in Sports (RED-S)
MDPI and ACS Style

Figel, K.; Pritchett, K.; Pritchett, R.; Broad, E. Energy and Nutrient Issues in Athletes with Spinal Cord Injury: Are They at Risk for Low Energy Availability? Nutrients 2018, 10, 1078.

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